How to format your references using the Clinical Queries: Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Queries: Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith K. Neuroscience: off to night school. Nature. 2013;497(7450):S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dotto GP, Cotsarelis G. Developmental biology. Rac1 up for epidermal stem cells. Science. 2005;309(5736):890-891.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yang J, Goldstein JI, Scott ERD. Iron meteorite evidence for early formation and catastrophic disruption of protoplanets. Nature. 2007;446(7138):888-891.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Petta JR, Johnson AC, Taylor JM, et al. Coherent manipulation of coupled electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots. Science. 2005;309(5744):2180-2184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wang J-J. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Nascimento MA, Sellis T, Cheng R, et al., eds. Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 13th International Symposium, SSTD 2013, Munich, Germany, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8098. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee CH, Cho YJ. Framework of a Collaboration-Based Engineering Service System for Mould Industry. In: Gervasi O, Gavrilova ML, eds. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2007: International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 26-29, 2007. Proceedings. Part III. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2007:33-44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Queries: Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Beyond Dinosaurs, What Would We Need To Create A Jurassic World? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Abraham SR. Using Self-Monitoring and Goal Setting to Increase Swimming in Adults. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. From Hockey 101 to a Ph.D. New York Times. May 22, 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Queries: Nephrology
ISSN (print)2211-9477
Scope

Other styles