How to format your references using the Clinical Queries: Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Queries: Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Honour JW. The fight for fair play. Nature. 2004;430(6996):143-144.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sheridan GK, Dev KK. Targeting S1P receptors in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice improves early deficits in locomotor activity and increases ultrasonic vocalisations. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5051.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bibby TS, Nield J, Barber J. Iron deficiency induces the formation of an antenna ring around trimeric photosystem I in cyanobacteria. Nature. 2001;412(6848):743-745.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ahn S, Seo E, Kim K, Lee SJ. Controlled cellular uptake and drug efficacy of nanotherapeutics. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1997.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ferrari ML, Damo UM, Turan A, Sánchez D. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Linol B, de Wit MJ, eds. Origin and Evolution of the Cape Mountains and Karoo Basin. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Khanna N, Raleiras P, Lindblad P. Fundamentals and Recent Advances in Hydrogen Production and Nitrogen Fixation in Cyanobacteria. In: Borowitzka MA, Beardall J, Raven JA, eds. The Physiology of Microalgae. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:101-127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Queries: Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Folding Graphene Like Origami May Allow Us To Wear Sensors In Our Skin. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bremond DS. When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Swansburg J. Men of Summer. New York Times. March 31, 2017:BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Queries: Nephrology
ISSN (print)2211-9477
Scope

Other styles