How to format your references using the Clinical Queries: Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Queries: Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
del Alamo JA. Nanometre-scale electronics with III-V compound semiconductors. Nature. 2011;479(7373):317-323.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Verdun RE, Karlseder J. Replication and protection of telomeres. Nature. 2007;447(7147):924-931.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gunn LJ, Allison A, Abbott D. A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mikhael J, Roth J, Helden L, Bechinger C. Archimedean-like tiling on decagonal quasicrystalline surfaces. Nature. 2008;454(7203):501-504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossi RJ. Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Zanjirani Farahani R, Hekmatfar M, eds. Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies. Physica-Verlag HD; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Silfwerbrand J, Beushausen H, Courard L. Bond. In: Bissonnette B, Courard L, Fowler DW, Granju J-L, eds. Bonded Cement-Based Material Overlays for the Repair, the Lining or the Strengthening of Slabs or Pavements: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 193-RLS. Springer Netherlands; 2011:51-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Queries: Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Stunning Satellite Images Reveal The Story Of Earth’s Surface Water. IFLScience. Published December 8, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/stunning-satellite-images-reveal-story-earths-surface-water/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gambini F. Leadership capacity for succession and sustainability in a family-owned private school. Published online 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Student Debt Collectible by Social Security. New York Times. December 8, 2005:A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Queries: Nephrology
ISSN (print)2211-9477
Scope

Other styles