How to format your references using the Clinical Queries: Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Queries: Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Albrecht M. Chemistry. Carbenes in action. Science. 2009;326(5952):532-533.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science. 2014;345(6192):32-33.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aldaye FA, Palmer AL, Sleiman HF. Assembling materials with DNA as the guide. Science. 2008;321(5897):1795-1799.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Daulton TL, Bernatowicz TJ, Lewis RS, Messenger S, Stadermann FJ, Amari S. Polytype distribution in circumstellar silicon carbide. Science. 2002;296(5574):1852-1855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wiens JA. Ecological Challenges and Conservation Conundrums. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Böllinghaus T, Lexow J, Kishi T, Kitagawa M, eds. Materials Challenges and Testing for Supply of Energy and Resources. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chen Y-W, Lee Y-L, Peng I-H. Connection Control by Virtual Admission in Wireless LAN Environment. In: Cheng X, Li W, Znati T, eds. Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: First International Conference, WASA 2006, Xi’an, China, August 15-17, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006:14-25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Queries: Nephrology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Cannibal Squid Spotted Tearing Each Other To Pieces In California. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/cannibal-squid-spotted-tearing-each-other-pieces-california/. Published August 24, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Protest Against Award for Computer System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Perlstein JA. Support for families affected by incarceration: A grant proposal. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kitfield J. The Lingering Stench of Torture. New York Times. January 14, 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Queries: Nephrology
ISSN (print)2211-9477
Scope

Other styles