How to format your references using the Clinical & Translational Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical & Translational Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Shlesinger MF. Statistical mechanics. Exploring phase space. Nature 2000; 405: 135, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Denef VJ, Banfield JF. In situ evolutionary rate measurements show ecological success of recently emerged bacterial hybrids. Science 2012; 336: 462–466.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Coaker G, Falick A, Staskawicz B. Activation of a phytopathogenic bacterial effector protein by a eukaryotic cyclophilin. Science 2005; 308: 548–550.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Fadrique B, Báez S, Duque Á, Malizia A, Blundo C, Carilla J et al. Widespread but heterogeneous responses of Andean forests to climate change. Nature 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
1
Redkar T. Windows Azure Platform. Second Edition. Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Cogliati B, Seurin Y. EWCDM: An Efficient, Beyond-Birthday Secure, Nonce-Misuse Resistant MAC. In: Robshaw M, Katz J (eds). Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2016: 36th Annual International Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 14-18, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016, pp 121–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical & Translational Immunology.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. Early Giant Galaxy Seen Gorging On Intergalactic Gas. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/space/early-giant-galaxy-seen-gorging-on-intergalactic-gas/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Tan C. Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
McNAMARA J. Swift Beyond Satire. New York Times. 2017; : BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical & Translational Immunology
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Immunology
ISSN (online)2050-0068
Scope

Other styles