How to format your references using the Clínica y Salud citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clínica y Salud. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves, M. (2014). Retrospective. Janet Rowley (1925-2013). Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, P. A., & Takai, D. (2001). The role of DNA methylation in mammalian epigenetics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1068–1070.
A journal article with 3 authors
Head, I. M., Jones, D. M., & Larter, S. R. (2003). Biological activity in the deep subsurface and the origin of heavy oil. Nature, 426(6964), 344–352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, J.-H., Sim, S.-E., Kim, J.-I., Choi, D. I., Oh, J., Ye, S., … Kaang, B.-K. (2018). Interregional synaptic maps among engram cells underlie memory formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6387), 430–435.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz, M. L., Bova, A., & Hammond, P. B. (2010). The Endowment Model of Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Byeon, O.-H., Kwon, J. H., Dunning, T., Cho, K. W., & Savoy-Navarro, A. (Eds.). (2010). Future Application and Middleware Technology on e-Science. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Antonuccio, D. O., & Hayes, A. (2008). Learning Principles of Human Behavior. In A. Guerrero & M. Piasecki (Eds.), Problem-Based Behavioral Science and Psychiatry (pp. 49–65). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clínica y Salud.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 16). How Harmless Microbes Turned into Flesh-Eating Bacteria. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses (No. GAO-06-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Del Cid, E. J. (2009). Services for immigrant families with children in the child welfare system: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 30). A Tiger and a Yankee Ponder Baseball’s Thrilling Finishes. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greaves, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greaves, 2014; Jones & Takai, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones & Takai, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Head, Jones, & Larter, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClínica y Salud
AbbreviationClin. Salud
ISSN (print)1130-5274
ScopeClinical Psychology

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