How to format your references using the Clínica y Salud citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clínica y Salud. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, D. (2015). Practical policies can combat gender inequality. Nature, 523(7558), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilmore, M. S., & Ferretti, J. J. (2003). Microbiology. The thin line between gut commensal and pathogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 1999–2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, E., Heidinger-Pauli, J. M., & Koshland, D. (2007). DNA double-strand breaks trigger genome-wide sister-chromatid cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7). Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5835), 245–248.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ogle, J. M., Brodersen, D. E., Clemons, W. M., Jr, Tarry, M. J., Carter, A. P., & Ramakrishnan, V. (2001). Recognition of cognate transfer RNA by the 30S ribosomal subunit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5518), 897–902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, D. A. (2005). Hazardous Materials Characterization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Glau, K., Grbac, Z., Scherer, M., & Zagst, R. (Eds.). (2016). Innovations in Derivatives Markets: Fixed Income Modeling, Valuation Adjustments, Risk Management, and Regulation (Vol. 165). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia-Duran, P., Millet, M., & Orbie, J. (2016). EU Trade Policy Reaction to the BIC: From Accommodation to Entrenchment. In E. Barbé, O. Costa, & R. Kissack (Eds.), EU Policy Responses to a Shifting Multilateral System (pp. 93–114). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clínica y Salud.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 10). One In Eight Children Currently At Risk Of Measles In The U.S. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Financial Management Systems: Experience with Prior Migration and Modernization Efforts Provides Lessons Learned for New Approach (GAO-10-808). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, A. L. (2019). An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2015, June 17). New Girl in School: Transgender Surgery at 18. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gilmore & Ferretti, 2003; Hilton, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gilmore & Ferretti, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Unal et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ogle et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleClínica y Salud
AbbreviationClin. Salud
ISSN (print)1130-5274
ScopeClinical Psychology

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