How to format your references using the Cirugía y Cirujanos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirugía y Cirujanos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betts RA. Offset of the potential carbon sink from boreal forestation by decreases in surface albedo. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):187–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soldner F, Jaenisch R. Medicine. iPSC disease modeling. Science. 2012 Nov 30;338(6111):1155–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killgore WDS, Olson EA, Weber M. Physical exercise habits correlate with gray matter volume of the hippocampus in healthy adult humans. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 12;3:3457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heinrich AJ, Lutz CP, Gupta JA, Eigler DM. Molecule cascades. Science. 2002 Nov 15;298(5597):1381–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szylar C. Risk Management under UCITS III/IV. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Kollias SD, Stafylopatis A, Duch W, Oja E, editors. Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2006: 16th International Conference, Athens, Greece, September 10-14, 2006. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XXXIV, 1008 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4131).
A chapter in an edited book
Oh S, Jin Y. Incremental Approximation Models for Constrained Evolutionary Optimization. In: Datta R, Deb K, editors. Evolutionary Constrained Optimization. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 135–56. (Infosys Science Foundation Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirugía y Cirujanos.

Blog post
Andrew D. 9 Weird Psychological Reasons Someone Might Fall In Love With You [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security Administration: More Clarity on the Authority of Federal Security Directors Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Sep. Report No.: GAO-05-935.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gullion DK. The study of interstate and intrastate mobility effects on student achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Koblin J. Journalists Fear Effects Of an Arrest. New York Times. 2017 Jun 7;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirugía y Cirujanos
AbbreviationCir. Cir.
ISSN (print)0009-7411

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