How to format your references using the Cirugía y Cirujanos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirugía y Cirujanos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaspar PP. Silicon chemistry. R3Si+--free at last. Science. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):785–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottlieb J, Mazzoni P. Neuroscience. Action, illusion, and perception. Science. 2004 Jan 16;303(5656):317–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajca A, Wongsriratanakul J, Rajca S. Magnetic ordering in an organic polymer. Science. 2001 Nov 16;294(5546):1503–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gompel N, Prud’homme B, Wittkopp PJ, Kassner VA, Carroll SB. Chance caught on the wing: cis-regulatory evolution and the origin of pigment patterns in Drosophila. Nature. 2005 Feb 3;433(7025):481–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warnock G, Ghafary M, Shaheen G. Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing Architect (SRA) Self-Study Guide. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Gaol FL, editor. Recent Progress in Data Engineering and Internet Technology: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XII, 536 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 157).
A chapter in an edited book
Bernabei R, Power J. Living Designs. In: Lepora NF, Mura A, Mangan M, Verschure PFMJ, Desmulliez M, Prescott TJ, editors. Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: 5th International Conference, Living Machines 2016, Edinburgh, UK, July 19-22, 2016 Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 40–7. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirugía y Cirujanos.

Blog post
Andrew D. Second Detection Heralds The Era Of Gravitational Wave Astronomy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Social Security Administration’s Data Exchanges Support Current Programs, but Better Planning Is Needed to Meet Future Demands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Sep. Report No.: GAO-09-966.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit J. A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times. 2014 Oct 24;C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirugía y Cirujanos
AbbreviationCir. Cir.
ISSN (print)0009-7411

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