How to format your references using the Cirugía y Cirujanos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirugía y Cirujanos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek SN. Materials science. Biomimetics and evolution. Science. 2014 Sep 19;345(6203):1448–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao FF, Salmeron M. In situ studies of chemistry and structure of materials in reactive environments. Science. 2011 Jan 14;331(6014):171–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang J, Goldstein JI, Scott ERD. Iron meteorite evidence for early formation and catastrophic disruption of protoplanets. Nature. 2007 Apr 19;446(7138):888–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Koh LP, Dunn RR, Sodhi NS, Colwell RK, Proctor HC, Smith VS. Species coextinctions and the biodiversity crisis. Science. 2004 Sep 10;305(5690):1632–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays DH. A New History of Christianity in China. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Mittermeir RT, editor. From Computer Literacy to Informatics Fundamentals: International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2005, Klagenfurt, Austria, March 30 - April 1, 2005, Proceeedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. X, 203 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3422).
A chapter in an edited book
Ammari K, Nicaise S. Systems with Delay. In: Nicaise S, editor. Stabilization of Elastic Systems by Collocated Feedback. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 147–68. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirugía y Cirujanos.

Blog post
Carpineti A. More Hints From CERN On Why The Universe Is Made Of Matter [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: International Space Station and Shuttle Support Cost Limits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Aug. Report No.: GAO-01-1000R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann NM. Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. ‘Bad’ Legal Advice and the Death Penalty. New York Times. 2007 Nov 6;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirugía y Cirujanos
AbbreviationCir. Cir.
ISSN (print)0009-7411

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