How to format your references using the Cirugía y Cirujanos citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirugía y Cirujanos. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snell WJ. Development. Plant gametes do fertilization with a twist. Science. 2012 Nov 23;338(6110):1038–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Graham S, Hegde D. Intellectual Property. Disclosing patents’ secrets. Science. 2015 Jan 16;347(6219):236–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dreger DS, Ford SR, Walter WR. Source analysis of the Crandall Canyon, Utah, mine collapse. Science. 2008 Jul 11;321(5886):217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kosaka T, Miyajima A, Nagata H, Maeda T, Kikuchi E, Oya M. Human castration resistant prostate cancer rather prefer to decreased 5α-reductase activity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Early WF II. Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Minton GE, editor. John Bale’s “The Image of Both Churches.” Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. XVI, 500 p. 33 illus. (Studies in Early Modern Religious Tradition, Culture and Society; vol. 6).
A chapter in an edited book
Krifka M. Embedding Illocutionary Acts. In: Roeper T, Speas M, editors. Recursion: Complexity in Cognition. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 59–87. (Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirugía y Cirujanos.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Small Tropical Islands Could Become The World’s First 100% Renewable Nations. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Facilities: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Sep. Report No.: T-NSIAD-96-238.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zou X. Magneto-optical properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures on modified nanosphere templates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Kushner Friend Steps Down as Editor of the Observer. New York Times. 2017 May 25;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirugía y Cirujanos
AbbreviationCir. Cir.
ISSN (print)0009-7411

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