How to format your references using the Ciencias Clínicas citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ciencias Clínicas. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwefel HGL. Optics. In optical pumping, less can be more. Science 2014;346:304–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barbash S, Soreq H. Statistically invalid classification of high throughput gene expression data. Sci Rep 2013;3:1102.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Kloc C, Batlogg B. High-temperature superconductivity in lattice-expanded C60. Science 2001;293:2432–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsujimoto Y, Tassel C, Hayashi N, Watanabe T, Kageyama H, Yoshimura K, et al. Infinite-layer iron oxide with a square-planar coordination. Nature 2007;450:1062–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg U, Cooper CL. The Science of Occupational Health. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Sliwa K, Anthony J, editors. Cardiac Drugs in Pregnancy. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams WM, Giddings JM, Purdy J, Solomon KR, Giesy JP. Exposures of Aquatic Organisms to the Organophosphorus Insecticide, Chlorpyrifos Resulting from Use in the United States. In: Giesy JP, Solomon KR, editors. Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 77–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ciencias Clínicas.

Blog post
Andrews R. Here Are 80 Falcons Enjoying Their Plane Journey. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Implementation of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller MW. The Mediterranean Ethiopian: Intellectual discourse and the fixity of myth in classical antiquity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner J. Cespedes Displays Healthy Swing in Return, but Legs Are Rarely Tested. New York Times 2017:SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCiencias Clínicas
ISSN (print)1665-1383

Other styles