How to format your references using the Ciencias Clínicas citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ciencias Clínicas. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brassard G. Quantum information: the conundrum of secure positioning. Nature 2011;479:307–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Killingsworth MA, Gilbert DT. A wandering mind is an unhappy mind. Science 2010;330:932.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jockers ML, Sag M, Schultz J. Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 2012;490:29–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Freiman RN, Albright SR, Zheng S, Sha WC, Hammer RE, Tjian R. Requirement of tissue-selective TBP-associated factor TAFII105 in ovarian development. Science 2001;293:2084–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanley W, Pamela B. The Complete Guide to Fundraising Management. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2017.
An edited book
O’Connor RV, Baddoo N, Smolander K, Messnarz R, editors. Software Process Improvement: 15th European Conference, EuroSPI 2008, Dublin, Ireland, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. vol. 16. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Daley WP, Yamada KM. Cell–ECM Interactions and the Regulation of Epithelial Branching Morphogenesis. In: DeSimone DW, Mecham RP, editors. Extracellular Matrix in Development, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 75–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ciencias Clínicas.

Blog post
Andrew E. How To Build A City Fit For 50℃ Heatwaves. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Maritime Administration’s Evaluation of the End Products of Research and Development Contracts with Private, Profitmaking Firms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
France KA. Triadic Supervision: An Exploration of Supervisors’ Perceptions, Experiences and Practices. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. Batman Beats Superman In the Marketplace. New York Times 2010:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCiencias Clínicas
ISSN (print)1665-1383

Other styles