How to format your references using the Children's Geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children's Geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry, David K. 2012. “Applied Physics. Ohm’s Law in a Quantum World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6064): 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Contreras, Jorge L., and Jerome H. Reichman. 2015. “DATA ACCESS. Sharing by Design: Data and Decentralized Commons.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6266): 1312–1314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sander, Rolf, Paul J. Crutzen, and Roland von Glasow. 2004. “Comment on ‘Reactions at Interfaces as a Source of Sulfate Formation in Sea-Salt Particles’ (II).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5658): 628; author reply 628.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lunin, Vladimir V., Elena Dobrovetsky, Galina Khutoreskaya, Rongguang Zhang, Andrzej Joachimiak, Declan A. Doyle, Alexey Bochkarev, Michael E. Maguire, Aled M. Edwards, and Christopher M. Koth. 2006. “Crystal Structure of the CorA Mg2+ Transporter.” Nature 440 (7085): 833–837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. 2010. Cost Reduction Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Michalewicz, Zbigniew. 2006. Adaptive Business Intelligence. Edited by Martin Schmidt, Matthew Michalewicz, and Constantin Chiriac. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Villa, Paola, and Michel Lenoir. 2009. “Hunting and Hunting Weapons of the Lower and Middle Paleolithic of Europe.” In The Evolution of Hominin Diets: Integrating Approaches to the Study of Palaeolithic Subsistence, edited by Jean-Jacques Hublin and Michael P. Richards, 59–85. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children's Geographies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Overthinking Could Be Driving Creativity In People With Neurotic Disorders.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Financial Management: Assessment of the Airline Industry’s Estimated Losses Arising From the Events of September 11. GAO-02-133R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nash, Mykie C. 2017. “Reading Achievement: A Study of Perceptions of First-Grade Teachers and the Relationship Between Attendance and Reading Achievement.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2005. “Americans Are Flocking to Canada’s Pristine Gulf Islands.” New York Times, May 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferry 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ferry 2012; Contreras and Reichman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Contreras and Reichman 2015)
  • Three authors: (Sander, Crutzen, and von Glasow 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lunin et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren's Geographies
AbbreviationChild. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1473-3285
ISSN (online)1473-3277
ScopeSocial Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles