How to format your references using the Children's Geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children's Geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshak, Michael P. 2015. “My Trek Back to Science.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6254): 1406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sachs, Jeffrey, and Pia Malaney. 2002. “The Economic and Social Burden of Malaria.” Nature 415 (6872): 680–685.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lim, May, Richard Metzler, and Yaneer Bar-Yam. 2007. “Global Pattern Formation and Ethnic/Cultural Violence.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5844): 1540–1544.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ingicco, T., G. D. van den Bergh, C. Jago-On, J-J Bahain, M. G. Chacón, N. Amano, H. Forestier, et al. 2018. “Earliest Known Hominin Activity in the Philippines by 709 Thousand Years Ago.” Nature 557 (7704): 233–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gable, Judy, and Tamara Herrmann. 2016. Counselling Skills for Dietitians. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Magoutis, Kostas, and Peter Pietzuch, eds. 2014. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 14th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2014, Held as Part of the 9th International Federated Conference on Distributed Computing Techniques, DisCoTec 2014, Berlin, Germany, June 3-5, 2014, Proceedings. Vol. 8460. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cartwright, Dustin. 2016. “Excluded Homeomorphism Types for Dual Complexes of Surfaces.” In Nonarchimedean and Tropical Geometry, edited by Matthew Baker and Sam Payne, 133–144. Simons Symposia. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children's Geographies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Ceres Is Shown In Most Stunning Detail Ever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. School Choice: Private School Choice Programs Are Growing and Can Complicate Providing Certain Federally Funded Services to Eligible Students. GAO-16-712. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, Patricia E. 2012. “Learning the Ropes: A Grounded Theory Study of Children Crossing Cultures.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yoo, John. 2017. “Executive Power Run Amok.” New York Times, February 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshak 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marshak 2015; Sachs and Malaney 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sachs and Malaney 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lim, Metzler, and Bar-Yam 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ingicco et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren's Geographies
AbbreviationChild. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1473-3285
ISSN (online)1473-3277
ScopeSocial Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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