How to format your references using the Children's Geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children's Geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nosengo, Nicola. 2003. “The Quota Conundrum.” Nature 426 (6963): 211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tilman, David, and Forest Isbell. 2015. “Biodiversity: Recovery as Nitrogen Declines.” Nature 528 (7582): 336–337.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marcus, Gary, Adam Marblestone, and Thomas Dean. 2014. “Neuroscience. The Atoms of Neural Computation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6209): 551–552.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Maksymovych, Peter, Dan C. Sorescu, Kenneth D. Jordan, and John T. Yates Jr. 2008. “Collective Reactivity of Molecular Chains Self-Assembled on a Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5908): 1664–1667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann, Steven. 2010. Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Pitha, Paula M., ed. 2007. Interferon: The 50th Anniversary. Vol. 316. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verbeek, Bruno. 2015. “‘You Did Not Build That Road’—Reciprocity, Benefits, Opportunities and Taxing the Extremely Rich.” In Philosophical Explorations of Justice and Taxation: National and Global Issues, edited by Helmut P. Gaisbauer, Gottfried Schweiger, and Clemens Sedmak, 67–81. Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children's Geographies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Astronomers Have Detected The Faintest Early-Universe Galaxy Ever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Security: TSA Is Increasing Procurement and Deployment of the Advanced Imaging Technology, but Challenges to This Effort and Other Areas of Aviation Security Remain. GAO-10-484T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, Daniel Scott. 2015. “Structural and Geophysical Interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Court Limits Protection Against Improper Entry.” New York Times, June 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nosengo 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nosengo 2003; Tilman and Isbell 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tilman and Isbell 2015)
  • Three authors: (Marcus, Marblestone, and Dean 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Maksymovych et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren's Geographies
AbbreviationChild. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1473-3285
ISSN (online)1473-3277
ScopeSocial Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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