How to format your references using the Children's Geographies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Children's Geographies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio, Mario. 2012. “Physics: Why Symmetry Matters.” Nature 490 (7421): 472–473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sivanand, Sharanya, and Kathryn E. Wellen. 2015. “Molecular Biology: Salvaging the Genome.” Nature 524 (7563): 40–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abou Chakra, Maria, Christian Hilbe, and Arne Traulsen. 2014. “Plastic Behaviors in Hosts Promote the Emergence of Retaliatory Parasites.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4251.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Raghuraman, M. K., E. A. Winzeler, D. Collingwood, S. Hunt, L. Wodicka, A. Conway, D. J. Lockhart, R. W. Davis, B. J. Brewer, and W. L. Fangman. 2001. “Replication Dynamics of the Yeast Genome.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5540): 115–121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lowman, Marie. 2017. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhou, Lizhu, Beng Chin Ooi, and Xiaofeng Meng, eds. 2005. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 10th International Conference, DASFAA 2005, Beijing, China, April 17-20, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3453. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bakari, Sana, François André, Daphné Seigneurin-Berny, Marcel Delaforge, Norbert Rolland, and Annie Frelet-Barrand. 2014. “Lactococcus Lactis: Recent Developments in Functional Expression of Membrane Proteins.” In Membrane Proteins Production for Structural Analysis, edited by Isabelle Mus-Veteau, 107–132. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Children's Geographies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Whatever The Strangest Star In The Galaxy Is, It’s Sure To Be Amazing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Initial Expenditure Plan. AIMD/GGD-99-206. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, Travis John. 2009. “Efficient Construction of Accurate Multiple Alignments and Large-Scale Phylogenies.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John. 2016. “Gifted Frenemies, Egging Each Other on to Greatness.” New York Times, August 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Livio 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Livio 2012; Sivanand and Wellen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sivanand and Wellen 2015)
  • Three authors: (Abou Chakra, Hilbe, and Traulsen 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Raghuraman et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChildren's Geographies
AbbreviationChild. Geogr.
ISSN (print)1473-3285
ISSN (online)1473-3277
ScopeSocial Psychology
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles