How to format your references using the Child Psychiatry & Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child Psychiatry & Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker S (2014) Rhubarb pie and science. Science 345:1534
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan PA, Palmer RE (2005) Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature 434:367–371
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal A, Chhatre A, Hardin R (2008) Changing governance of the world’s forests. Science 320:1460–1462
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wheeler TM, Sobczak K, Lueck JD, et al (2009) Reversal of RNA dominance by displacement of protein sequestered on triplet repeat RNA. Science 325:336–339

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer MD (2016) Transportation Planning Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rostan M, Vaira M (2011) Questioning Excellence in Higher Education: Policies, Experiences and Challenges in National and Comparative Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Kim K-R, Kim D-H, Kim H-J (2013) Magnetic Resonance Wireless Power Transmission Using a LLC Resonant Circuit for a Locomotion Robot’s Battery Charging. In: Lee J, Lee MC, Liu H, Ryu J-H (eds) Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 6th International Conference, ICIRA 2013, Busan, South Korea, September 25-28, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child Psychiatry & Human Development.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Why we need volunteers for the first human Ebola trials. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Air Pollution: EPA Needs More Data From FHwA on Changes to Highway Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson KM (2010) The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2016) The (Forever) New Romantics. New York Times CT9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild Psychiatry & Human Development
AbbreviationChild Psychiatry Hum. Dev.
ISSN (print)0009-398X
ISSN (online)1573-3327
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles