How to format your references using the Child Psychiatry & Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child Psychiatry & Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright G (2015) Antibiotics: An irresistible newcomer. Nature 517:442–444
A journal article with 2 authors
Marler JR, Goldstein LB (2003) Medicine. Stroke--tPA and the clinic. Science 301:1677
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo Y, White L, Hui D (2004) Comment on “Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential.” Science 304:1745; author reply 1745
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rasch B, Büchel C, Gais S, Born J (2007) Odor cues during slow-wave sleep prompt declarative memory consolidation. Science 315:1426–1429

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunter DA (2014) A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kontis K (2012) 28th International Symposium on Shock Waves: Vol 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aberman N-L, Cohen MJ (2012) Nutrition and Bioenergy. In: Thompson B, Cohen MJ (eds) The Impact of Climate Change and Bioenergy on Nutrition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child Psychiatry & Human Development.

Blog post
Taub B (2015) Ireland Wants To Legalize Supervised Heroin Use. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Federal Education Funding: Overview of K-12 and Early Childhood Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandom BM (2009) Spiritual and emotional needs of young adults who are members of mainstream Protestant churches. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Story L (2013) A Stealthy Subsidy Aiding Big Businesses Is Growing. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild Psychiatry & Human Development
AbbreviationChild Psychiatry Hum. Dev.
ISSN (print)0009-398X
ISSN (online)1573-3327
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles