How to format your references using the Child's Nervous System citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child's Nervous System. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal AA (2001) Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science 294:321–326
A journal article with 2 authors
Saykally RJ, Wales DJ (2012) Chemistry. Pinning down the water hexamer. Science 336:814–815
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe Y, Martini JE, Ohmoto H (2000) Geochemical evidence for terrestrial ecosystems 2.6 billion years ago. Nature 408:574–578
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Arthur JC, Gharaibeh RZ, Uronis JM, et al (2013) VSL#3 probiotic modifies mucosal microbial composition but does not reduce colitis-associated colorectal cancer. Sci Rep 3:2868

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jepsen TC (2003) Distributed Storage Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Leonardis A, Bischof H, Pinz A (2006) Computer Vision – ECCV 2006: 9th European Conference on Computer Vision, Graz, Austria, May 7-13, 2006, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Yamori K (2013) A Historical Overview of Social Representation of Earthquake Risk in Japan: Fatalism, Social Reform, Scientific Control and Collaborative Risk Management. In: Joffe H, Rossetto T, Adams J (eds) Cities at Risk: Living with Perils in the 21st Century. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child's Nervous System.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Hawaii Lava Tube Returns Days After Cliff Collapse. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jansson A (2017) Stratigraphy, Landscape Evolution, and Past Environments at the Billy Big Spring Site, Montana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Patterson MJO (2015) A Quiet Outpost Beyond the Tunnel. New York Times RE11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild's Nervous System
AbbreviationChilds. Nerv. Syst.
ISSN (print)0256-7040
ISSN (online)1433-0350
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles