How to format your references using the Child's Nervous System citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child's Nervous System. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams WM (2014) Conservation. The value of valuing nature. Science 346:549–551
A journal article with 2 authors
Mann CC, Plummer ML (2000) ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science 289:718
A journal article with 3 authors
Nygård J, Cobden DH, Lindelof PE (2000) Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature 408:342–346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rein M, Favrod VD, Hou C, et al (2018) Diode fibres for fabric-based optical communications. Nature 560:214–218

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG, Singh K (2014) Environmental Management of Energy from Biofuels and Biofeedstocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Madonna R (2016) Stem Cells and Cardiac Regeneration. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Adelaar A (2016) Austronesians in Madagascar: A Critical Assessment of the Works of Paul Ottino and Philippe Beaujard. In: Campbell G (ed) Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean World. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child's Nervous System.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Could Friendly Bacteria Be Used To Treat Cancer? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro Deller E (2013) Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times 14NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild's Nervous System
AbbreviationChilds. Nerv. Syst.
ISSN (print)0256-7040
ISSN (online)1433-0350
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles