How to format your references using the Child's Nervous System citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child's Nervous System. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchenau J (2009) Global Darwin: Multicultural mergers. Nature 462:284–285
A journal article with 2 authors
Mota B, Herculano-Houzel S (2015) BRAIN STRUCTURE. Cortical folding scales universally with surface area and thickness, not number of neurons. Science 349:74–77
A journal article with 3 authors
Frommer WB, Schulze WX, Lalonde S (2003) Plant science. Hexokinase, Jack-of-all-trades. Science 300:261–263
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dinish US, Balasundaram G, Chang Y-T, Olivo M (2014) Actively targeted in vivo multiplex detection of intrinsic cancer biomarkers using biocompatible SERS nanotags. Sci Rep 4:4075

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll C, Antti Pirnes, Withers LLP (2009) From Innovation to Cash Flows. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chung K-I, Sohn K, Yung M (2009) Information Security Applications: 9th International Workshop, WISA 2008, Jeju Island, Korea, September 23-25, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Harvey SC (2013) Unusual RNA Structures: Information Content in RNAs from the “Prebiotic Ribosome” to Modern Viruses. In: Cai Z, Eulenstein O, Janies D, Schwartz D (eds) Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 9th International Symposium, ISBRA 2013, Charlotte, NC, USA, May 20-22, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 4–4

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child's Nervous System.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) A Single Photon Entangles Thousands Of Atoms. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Involvement of the Office of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, in the Development of an Information System Called the College Suggestor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt A (2017) Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS (2017) Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChild's Nervous System
AbbreviationChilds. Nerv. Syst.
ISSN (print)0256-7040
ISSN (online)1433-0350
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles