How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Science: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Science: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R.A., 2000. PALEOCLIMATE: An Appealing Snowball Earth That’s Still Hard to Swallow. Science 287, 1734–1736.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dezhina, I., Graham, L., 2000. Is Russian science recovering? Nature 408, 19–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Changela, A., DiGate, R.J., Mondragón, A., 2001. Crystal structure of a complex of a type IA DNA topoisomerase with a single-stranded DNA molecule. Nature 411, 1077–1081.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, P., Feng, L., Oldham, E.A., Keating, M.J., Plunkett, W., 2000. Superoxide dismutase as a target for the selective killing of cancer cells. Nature 407, 390–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D., 2016. Design Constraints for NFC Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lee, R. (Ed.), 2016. Computer and Information Science, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu, X., Zhou, J., Huang, X., 2011. An Effective Feature Selection Method for Text Categorization, in: Huang, J.Z., Cao, L., Srivastava, J. (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 15th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2011, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Science: X.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Extreme New Objects Found At The Edge of The Solar System [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/extreme-new-objects-found-at-the-edge-of-the-solar-system/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. National Highway System: Refinements Would Strengthen the System (No. T-RCED-94-266). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allard, L., 2006. Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Risk of Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in Participants of the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley, C., 2013. Grad Student With Eye On Career in Finance Is Mourned in China. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dezhina and Graham, 2000; Kerr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dezhina and Graham, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Science: X
ISSN (print)2590-1400
Scope

Other styles