How to format your references using the Chemical Biology & Drug Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Biology & Drug Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. F. Service, Science 2000, 288, 1955.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Konstantinides, M. Averof, Science 2014, 343, 788.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. B. Losos, D. M. Hillis, H. W. Greene, Science 2012, 338, 1428.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
P. A. Umina, A. R. Weeks, M. R. Kearney, S. W. McKechnie, A. A. Hoffmann, Science 2005, 308, 691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Ruske, Verlag Chemie 1921-1971, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 1971.
An edited book
Ultrasound of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Maconi, G., Porro, G. B., Eds., Medical Radiology, Diagnostic Imaging, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Piechurska-Kuciel, In Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker, Gałajda, D., Zakrajewski, P., Pawlak, M., Eds., Second Language Learning and Teaching, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Biology & Drug Design.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Promising New Cancer Vaccine Developed. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Best Practices: Elements Critical to Successfully Reducing Unneeded RDT&E Infrastructure, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. C. Verdi, What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Pujols Won’t Find Unconditional Love Anywhere Else. New York Times 2011, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Biology & Drug Design
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Drug Des.
ISSN (print)1747-0277
ISSN (online)1747-0285
Molecular Medicine

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