How to format your references using the Chaos, Solitons and Fractals: the interdisciplinary journal of Nonlinear Science, and Nonequilibrium and Complex Phenomena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chaos, Solitons and Fractals: the interdisciplinary journal of Nonlinear Science, and Nonequilibrium and Complex Phenomena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bodnar RJ. Geology. Heavy metals or punk rocks? Science 2009;323:724–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Eichelkraut T, Szameit A. Photonics: Random sudoku light. Nature 2015;526:643–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mookherjee M, Stixrude L, Karki B. Hydrous silicate melt at high pressure. Nature 2008;452:983–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chiu JC, Kaub K, Zou S, Liedo P, Altamirano-Robles L, Ingram D, et al. Deleterious effect of suboptimal diet on rest-activity cycle in Anastrepha ludens manifests itself with age. Sci Rep 2013;3:1773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bourlès H. Linear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Kopřiva J. Temporal Bone CT and MRI Anatomy: A Guide to 3D Volumetric Acquisitions. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dvorkin EN, Toscano RG. Experimental Validation of the Finite Element Models. Applications: Slotted Pipes and Axial Loads. In: Toscano RG, editor. Finite Element Analysis of the Collapse and Post-Collapse Behavior of Steel Pipes: Applications to the Oil Industry, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 43–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chaos, Solitons and Fractals: the interdisciplinary journal of Nonlinear Science, and Nonequilibrium and Complex Phenomena.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. New Crew Arrives At The International Space Station. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-crew-arrives-at-the-international-space-station/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Better Management Needed in Automating the Federal Judiciary. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Simon JT. Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC). Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hansen K. Even a Rock Star Has to Be Careful. New York Times 2013:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChaos, Solitons and Fractals: the interdisciplinary journal of Nonlinear Science, and Nonequilibrium and Complex Phenomena
AbbreviationChaos Solitons Fractals
ISSN (print)0960-0779
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles