How to format your references using the Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ando K. Materials science. Seeking room-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Science 2006;312:1883–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blasius B, Stone L. Ecology. Nonlinearity and the Moran effect. Nature 2000;406:846–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chave J, Alonso D, Etienne RS. Theoretical biology: comparing models of species abundance. Nature 2006;441:E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Park H-S, Nam S-H, Lee JK, Yoon CN, Mannervik B, Benkovic SJ, et al. Design and evolution of new catalytic activity with an existing protein scaffold. Science 2006;311:535–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews C. A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 1998.
An edited book
Stanger O, editor. Water Soluble Vitamins: Clinical Research and Future Application. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang T, Jobredeaux R, Herencia H, Garoche P-L, Dieumegard A, Feron É, et al. From Design to Implementation: An Automated, Credible Autocoding Chain for Control Systems. In: Feron E, editor. Advances in Control System Technology for Aerospace Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. page 137–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie.

Blog post
Andrew D. Too Many Tabs – Why Some People Can Multitask Online And Others Can’t. IFLScience2017;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. An Incident of Contamination of Livestock Feed and Certain Consumer Products. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks ED. Teaching teachers: A study of teacher educators’ perceptions of the effect of meeting mandated NCATE standards. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Gallery? Studio? Home? Blurring the Lines, Artists Paint and Sell. New York Times2002;G23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleČeská a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie
ISSN (print)1210-7859
ISSN (online)1802-4041
ScopeClinical Neurology

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