How to format your references using the Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nilsson L. Ph.D.s, come out of the closet! Science 2014;345:706.
A journal article with 2 authors
Billinge SJL, Levin I. The problem with determining atomic structure at the nanoscale. Science 2007;316:561–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle NJ, Hartley IR, Parker GA. Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature 2002;416:733–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Polin M, Tuval I, Drescher K, Gollub JP, Goldstein RE. Chlamydomonas swims with two “gears” in a eukaryotic version of run-and-tumble locomotion. Science 2009;325:487–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desai J. Innovation Engine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Voyiadjis GZ, editor. Handbook of Damage Mechanics: Nano to Macro Scale for Materials and Structures. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gary DE, Hurford GJ. Radio Spectral Diagnostics. In: Gary DE, Keller CU, editors. Solar and Space Weather Radiophysics: Current Status and Future Developments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. page 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Grow Miniature Beating Hearts In The Lab [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Lewis Research Center Attempts To Procure Suitable Wind Turbine Rotor Blades. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters AS. Bread and Washoku: Unveiling Japanese Identity Through the Necessity of Bread Baking. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. Hillary Clinton Health Panel Hears the People, Invitation Only. New York Times1993;17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleČeská a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie
ISSN (print)1210-7859
ISSN (online)1802-4041
ScopeClinical Neurology

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