How to format your references using the Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett R. Journal club. A microbiologist wonders what turns us on. Nature 2009;461:15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen W, Du J. Ultrasound and pH dually responsive polymer vesicles for anticancer drug delivery. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stutzmann N, Friend RH, Sirringhaus H. Self-aligned, vertical-channel, polymer field-effect transistors. Science 2003;299:1881–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Venegas C, Kumar S, Franklin BS, Dierkes T, Brinkschulte R, Tejera D, et al. Microglia-derived ASC specks cross-seed amyloid-β in Alzheimer’s disease. Nature 2017;552:355–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Milne D. The Psychology of Retirement. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Hoeve W-J van, Hooker JN, editors. Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming for Combinatorial Optimization Problems: 6th International Conference, CPAIOR 2009 Pittsburgh, PA, USA, May 27-31, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Gouw AM, Hsieh AL, Stine ZE, Dang CV. MYC Regulation of Metabolism and Cancer. In: Mazurek S, Shoshan M, editors. Tumor Cell Metabolism: Pathways, Regulation and Biology. Vienna: Springer; 2015. page 101–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Česká a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Hubble Detects Massive Gas Halo Surrounding Andromeda Galaxy [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Navigation Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun Z. A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. Another Goldman Executive Joins Administration. New York Times2017;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleČeská a slovenská neurologie a neurochirurgie
ISSN (print)1210-7859
ISSN (online)1802-4041
ScopeClinical Neurology

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