How to format your references using the Cell Host & Microbe citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Host & Microbe. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K. (2003). A winning proposal. Nature 426, 102–103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherwood, S., and Fu, Q. (2014). Climate change. A drier future? Science 343, 737–739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schorlemmer, D., Wiemer, S., and Wyss, M. (2005). Variations in earthquake-size distribution across different stress regimes. Nature 437, 539–542.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mazelin, L., Bernet, A., Bonod-Bidaud, C., Pays, L., Arnaud, S., Gespach, C., Bredesen, D.E., Scoazec, J.-Y., and Mehlen, P. (2004). Netrin-1 controls colorectal tumorigenesis by regulating apoptosis. Nature 431, 80–84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferra, R. (2011). Logic for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
(2009). ISSE 2008 Securing Electronic Business Processes: Highlights of the Information Security Solutions Europe 2008 Conference (Wiesbaden: Vieweg+Teubner).
A chapter in an edited book
Waleffe, F., and Wang, J. (2005). Transition Threshold and the Self-Sustaining Process. In IUTAM Symposium on Laminar-Turbulent Transition and Finite Amplitude Solutions, T. Mullin, and R. Kerswell, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 85–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Host & Microbe.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). What Was This Bizarre Sea Creature Caught On An Oil Rig Camera? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983). Analysis of Migration Characteristics of Children Served Under the Migrant Education Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Willis, T.Y. (2012). Rare but there: An intersectional exploration of the experiences and outcomes of Black women who studied abroad through community college programs. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016). Ready to Jump In If Needed (Not Likely). New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger, 2003; Sherwood and Fu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherwood and Fu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazelin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Host & Microbe
AbbreviationCell Host Microbe
ISSN (print)1931-3128
ISSN (online)1934-6069

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