How to format your references using the Cell Host & Microbe citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Host & Microbe. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. (2000). ASIAN-AMERICAN SCIENTISTS: Harbinger of a Litigious Future? Science 290, 1076.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazio, T.J.W., and LaRosa, T.N. (2005). Astronomy. At the heart of the Milky Way. Science 307, 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, M., Kong, L., and Qu, H. (2014). A systems biology approach to identify intelligence quotient score-related genomic regions, and pathways relevant to potential therapeutic treatments. Sci. Rep. 4, 4176.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McComb, K., Moss, C., Durant, S.M., Baker, L., and Sayialel, S. (2001). Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge in African elephants. Science 292, 491–494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath, A.E. (2011). Luther’s Theology of the Cross (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell).
An edited book
(2016). Mussolini 1883-1915: Triumph and Transformation of a Revolutionary Socialist (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US).
A chapter in an edited book
Sappington, T.W. (2014). Emerging issues in Integrated Pest Management Implementation and Adoption in the North Central USA. In Integrated Pest Management: Experiences with Implementation, Global Overview, Vol.4, R. Peshin, and D. Pimentel, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 65–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Host & Microbe.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). Why Are We Still Searching For The Loch Ness Monster? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kurulugama, R.T. (2009). Overtone mobility spectrometry. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFORGIA, M. (2017). Delaying Repairs on Decrepit Tracks. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler, 2000; Lazio and LaRosa, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazio and LaRosa, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (McComb et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Host & Microbe
AbbreviationCell Host Microbe
ISSN (print)1931-3128
ISSN (online)1934-6069

Other styles