How to format your references using the Cell Death & Differentiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Death & Differentiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk S. Sandia scientists develop instruments at the crossroads. Nature 2001; 410: 128–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Oers NSC, Chen ZJ. Cell biology. Kinasing and clipping down the NF-kappa B trail. Science 2005; 308: 65–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munoz F, Couteron P, Hubbell SP. Comment on ‘Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality’. Science 2012; 336: 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zeng W, Wharton KA Jr, Mack JA, Wang K, Gadbaw M, Suyama K et al. naked cuticle encodes an inducible antagonist of Wnt signalling. Nature 2000; 403: 789–795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eligehausen R, Mallée R, Silva JF. Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG: Berlin, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
Taillefer M, Ma D (eds.). Amination and Formation of sp2 C-N Bonds. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ju S, Kim Y, Jeong S, Kim J-Y, Lee N-H, Jung H-K et al. Gamma-Ray Dose-Rate Dependence on Radiation Resistance of Specialty Optical Fiber with Inner Cladding Layers. In: Ribeiro PA, Raposo M (eds). Photoptics 2014: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016, pp 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Death & Differentiation.

Blog post
Hale T. Top Scientist Bizarrely Claims Women “Don’t Understand’ Fracking. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Projects: Extent of Projects with Unobligated Balances of Greater Than 85 Percent as of August 16, 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueck K. Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Struggling Puerto Rico Defaults on Its Debt Payments. New York Times. 2016; : B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Death & Differentiation
AbbreviationCell Death Differ.
ISSN (print)1350-9047
ISSN (online)1476-5403
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles