How to format your references using the Cell Death & Differentiation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Death & Differentiation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soden BJ. Atmospheric physics. Enlightening water vapour. Nature 2000; 406: 247–248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morata G, Struhl G. Developmental biology: Tethered wings. Nature 2014; 505: 162–163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma B, Mandani S, Sarma TK. Biogenic growth of alloys and core-shell nanostructures using urease as a nanoreactor at ambient conditions. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guillot T, Miguel Y, Militzer B, Hubbard WB, Kaspi Y, Galanti E et al. A suppression of differential rotation in Jupiter’s deep interior. Nature 2018; 555: 227–230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Faa G, Fanos V (eds.). Kidney Development in Renal Pathology. Springer: New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Przelaskowski A. Computer-Aided Diagnosis: From Image Understanding to Integrated Assistance. In: Pietka E, Kawa J (eds). Information Technologies in Biomedicine. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008, pp 44–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Death & Differentiation.

Blog post
Fang J. Some Planets Could Have Corkscrew-Shaped Orbits. IFLScience. 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Contracting: Assessing Fraud and Abuse in FHwA’s Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pugh AN. Adoption is an option: A personal narrative. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. Finalists Take Similar Routs. New York Times. 2017; : D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Death & Differentiation
AbbreviationCell Death Differ.
ISSN (print)1350-9047
ISSN (online)1476-5403
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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