How to format your references using the Cell & Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell & Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Piattelli-Palmarini M. Basic concepts: to put it simply. Nature. 2003;426:607.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Doebeli M, Dieckmann U. Speciation along environmental gradients. Nature. 2003;421:259–64.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Syntichaki P, Topalidou I, Thireos G. The Gcn5 bromodomain co-ordinates nucleosome remodelling. Nature. 2000;404:414–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Song Y, Sun Y, Zeng J, Wang F. Automatic correction of hand pointing in stereoscopic depth. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Niles JD. Old English Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Rios P de M. Symbol Correspondences for Spin Systems. Straume E, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Souza DM, Dias-Neto E. RNA Biomarkers in Schizophrenia. In: Turck C, editor. Biomarkers for Psychiatric Disorders. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 97–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell & Bioscience.

Blog post
1. Fang J. For Fish, Warmer Waters Are Okay, But Not Extreme Heat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Safety: Information Concerning Why a 1980 Aircraft Report Was Not Provided Earlier to the National Transportation Safety Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Nov. Report No.: OSI-00-2R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Sugg J. Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dargis M. Flying Gore Can Ruin One’s Bespoke Suits. New York Times. 2015 Feb 13;C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCell & Bioscience
AbbreviationCell Biosci.
ISSN (online)2045-3701
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles