How to format your references using the Cell & Bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell & Bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Willyard C. Diagnosis: To catch a killer. Nature. 2012;489:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shapiro NM, Koulakov I. Geophysics. Probing the underbelly of a supervolcano. Science. 2015;348:758–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kareiva P, Chang A, Marvier M. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science. 2008;321:1638–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hochheimer A, Zhou S, Zheng S, Holmes MC, Tjian R. TRF2 associates with DREF and directs promoter-selective gene expression in Drosophila. Nature. 2002;420:439–45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Askoolum A. System Building with APL + Win. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
1. Baloian N, Zorian Y, Taslakian P, Shoukouryan S, editors. Collaboration and Technology: 21st International Conference, CRIWG 2015, Yerevan, Armenia, September 22-25, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tanifuji M, Sato T, Uchida G, Yamane Y, Tsunoda K. How Images of Objects Are Represented in Macaque Inferotemporal Cortex. In: Roe AW, editor. Imaging the Brain with Optical Methods. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. p. 93–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell & Bioscience.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Disney Princesses Reimagined As Dinosaurs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Mar. Report No.: RCED-97-88R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Johnston JS. Echo in Three Acts: The Lost Historical Subject in (Dis)articulation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Lee L. The Multimedia Frank Gehry Now in Cardboard and on Film. New York Times. 2005 Dec 1;F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCell & Bioscience
AbbreviationCell Biosci.
ISSN (online)2045-3701
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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