How to format your references using the Case Reports in Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Buzsáki, Neuroscience. Our skewed sense of space, Science. 347 (2015) 612–613.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.S. Gandhi, D.C. Rees, Biochemistry. Opening the molecular floodgates, Science. 321 (2008) 1166–1167.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.J. Lissauer, R.I. Dawson, S. Tremaine, Advances in exoplanet science from Kepler, Nature. 513 (2014) 336–344.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.M. Maldonado, P. Doerner, R.A. Dixon, C.J. Lamb, R.K. Cameron, A putative lipid transfer protein involved in systemic resistance signalling in Arabidopsis, Nature. 419 (2002) 399–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.V. Estopinal, W. Lathrop, Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2011.
An edited book
K.R. Shivanna, Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual, Springer India, New Delhi, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
L.A. Buatois, C.C. Labandeira, M.G. Mángano, A. Cohen, S. Voigt, The Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution, in: M.G. Mángano, L.A. Buatois (Eds.), The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events: Volume 2: Mesozoic and Cenozoic, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2016: pp. 179–263.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Women's Health.

Blog post
B. Taub, Soldiers’ Brains Electrocuted To Make Them More Attentive, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Truck Safety: Implementation of the Single Driver’s License and Notification Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Bunt, The saxophone works of Karlheinz Stockhausen, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Children Now As Deprived As After War, New York Times. (2005) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Women's Health
AbbreviationCase Rep. Womens Health
ISSN (print)2214-9112

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