How to format your references using the Case Reports in Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T.V. Padma, India’s drug tests, Nature. 436 (2005) 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.S. Donia, M.A. Fischbach, HUMAN MICROBIOTA. Small molecules from the human microbiota, Science. 349 (2015) 1254766.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.A. van Zuilen, A. Lepland, G. Arrhenius, Reassessing the evidence for the earliest traces of life, Nature. 418 (2002) 627–630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Que, M.-Y. Hung, C. Yeang, A. Gonen, T.A. Prohaska, X. Sun, C. Diehl, A. Määttä, D.E. Gaddis, K. Bowden, J. Pattison, J.G. MacDonald, S. Ylä-Herttuala, P.L. Mellon, C.C. Hedrick, K. Ley, Y.I. Miller, C.K. Glass, K.L. Peterson, C.J. Binder, S. Tsimikas, J.L. Witztum, Publisher Correction: Oxidized phospholipids are proinflammatory and proatherogenic in hypercholesterolaemic mice, Nature. 561 (2018) E43.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.E. Wartenberg, A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
R. Moreno Díaz, F. Pichler, A. Quesada Arencibia, eds., Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2005: 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Systems Theory, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 7 – 11, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Roy Chowdhury, U. Bhattacharya, S.K. Parui, Text Detection of Two Major Indian Scripts in Natural Scene Images, in: M. Iwamura, F. Shafait (Eds.), Camera-Based Document Analysis and Recognition: 4th International Workshop, CBDAR 2011, Beijing, China, September 22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 42–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Women's Health.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Cave Engraving May Be First Example Of Neanderthal Artwork, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Surface Transportation: Prospects for Innovation Through Research, Intelligent Transportation Systems, State Infrastructure Banks, and Design-Build Contracting, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Alla, Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, As to the Direction of the Roberts Court: The Jury Is Still Out, New York Times. (2007) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Women's Health
AbbreviationCase Rep. Womens Health
ISSN (print)2214-9112

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