How to format your references using the Cancer / Radiothérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer / Radiothérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows A. A theoretical look at the direct detection of giant planets outside the Solar System. Nature 2005;433:261–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura M, Somerville S. Plant biology. Resisting attack. Science 2002;295:2032–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matthews AJ, Singhruck P, Heywood KJ. Deep ocean impact of a Madden-Julian oscillation observed by Argo floats. Science 2007;318:1765–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ni K-K, Ospelkaus S, de Miranda MHG, Pe’er A, Neyenhuis B, Zirbel JJ, et al. A high phase-space-density gas of polar molecules. Science 2008;322:231–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wasson CS. System Analysis, Design, and Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Ito H, Kano M, Katoh N, Uno Y, editors. Computational Geometry and Graph Theory: International Conference, KyotoCGGT 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 11-15, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 4535. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Kutikhin A, Brusina E, Yuzhalin AE. The Role of Enteroviruses, Parvovirus B19, Respiratory Syncytial Virus, and Measles Virus in Atherosclerosis and Related Diseases. In: Brusina E, Yuzhalin AE, editors. Viruses and Atherosclerosis, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 35–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer / Radiothérapie.

Blog post
Andrew E. First Child Born To Woman Who Had Ovary Tissue Removed And Frozen During Childhood. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Quality of Weather Forecasts and Opportunity for Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grimpo M. How asthma is related with the rate of influenza vaccination in California’s children. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. ’04 Drug Retest May Give U.S. Olympic Gold. New York Times 2012:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer / Radiothérapie
AbbreviationCancer Radiother.
ISSN (print)1278-3218
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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