How to format your references using the Cancer / Radiothérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer / Radiothérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M. Super-resolve me: from micro to nano. Nature 2015;526:459–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieux-Laucat F, Casanova J-L. Immunology. Autoimmunity by haploinsufficiency. Science 2014;345:1560–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlson RH, Cornell HV, Hughes TP. Coral communities are regionally enriched along an oceanic biodiversity gradient. Nature 2004;429:867–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Y, Yu L, Cai W, Fan S, Feng L, Ji G, et al. Protopanaxatriol, a novel PPARγ antagonist from Panax ginseng, alleviates steatosis in mice. Sci Rep 2014;4:7375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo G, García-Martín MA. The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Rahwan I, Moraitis P, editors. Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: Fifth International Workshop, ArgMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 12, 2008. Revised Selected and Invited Papers. vol. 5384. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ting TCT. Explicit Secular Equations for Surface Waves in an Anisotropic Elastic Half-Space from Rayleigh to Today. In: Goldstein RV, Maugin GA, editors. Surface Waves in Anisotropic and Laminated Bodies and Defects Detection, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 95–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer / Radiothérapie.

Blog post
Andrew E. Meteorite Impact Turns Silica Into Stishovite In A Billionth Of A Second. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improper Use of Federal Student Aid Funds for Lobbying Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farnham RB. Processing and inpainting of sparse data as applied to atomic force microscopy imaging. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith B. Why BuzzFeed Published the Dossier. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer / Radiothérapie
AbbreviationCancer Radiother.
ISSN (print)1278-3218
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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