How to format your references using the Cancer / Radiothérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer / Radiothérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glikson A. Comment on “Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth” I. Science 2006;311:779; author reply 779.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berkovits BD, Mayr C. Alternative 3’ UTRs act as scaffolds to regulate membrane protein localization. Nature 2015;522:363–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stunnenberg HG, Vermeulen M, Atlasi Y. Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science 2015;347:614–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gomez-Nicola D, Riecken K, Fehse B, Perry VH. In-vivo RGB marking and multicolour single-cell tracking in the adult brain. Sci Rep 2014;4:7520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imbriale WA. Large Antennas of the Deep Space Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Gómez-Uranga M, Zabala-Iturriagagoitia JM, Barrutia J, editors. Dynamics of Big Internet Industry Groups and Future Trends: A View from Epigenetic Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Naterer GF, Dincer I, Zamfirescu C. Water Electrolysis. In: Dincer I, Zamfirescu C, editors. Hydrogen Production from Nuclear Energy, London: Springer; 2013, p. 99–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer / Radiothérapie.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Long-Tailed Galaxy Amazes Astronomers. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. General Aviation Airports: Unauthorized Land Use Highlights Need for Improved Oversight and Enforcement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaete DO. Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B. Black Detectives in New York Say Cronyism Cost Promotions. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer / Radiothérapie
AbbreviationCancer Radiother.
ISSN (print)1278-3218
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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