How to format your references using the Cancer & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stanley M. Perspective: Vaccinate boys too. Nature. 2012;488:S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pearson PN, Palmer MR. Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 60 million years. Nature. 2000;406:695–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bryant P, Nunes T, Snaith R. Children learn an untaught rule of spelling. Nature. 2000;403:157–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mirouze M, Reinders J, Bucher E, Nishimura T, Schneeberger K, Ossowski S, et al. Selective epigenetic control of retrotransposition in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2009;461:427–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rebonato R. Volatility and Correlation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1. González RG, Hirsch JA, Lev MH, Schaefer PW, Schwamm LH, editors. Acute Ischemic Stroke: Imaging and Intervention. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Saccomandi G. Finite Amplitude Waves in Nonlinear Elastodynamics and Related Theories: A Personal Overview? In: Destrade M, Saccomandi G, editors. Waves in Nonlinear Pre-Stressed Materials. Vienna: Springer; 2007. p. 129–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer & Metabolism.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Why Should Mammal Dads Care? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-care/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-88-64.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pryor GL. Effects of a balance-specific exercise program on blood pressure medication usage [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. How ‘Great Comet’ Burned Out. New York Times. 2017 Aug 29;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer & Metabolism
AbbreviationCancer Metab.
ISSN (online)2049-3002
Scope

Other styles