How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Naldini L. Gene therapy returns to centre stage. Nature 2015;526:351–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Thoroughman KA, Shadmehr R. Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature 2000;407:742–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Phillips BL, Casey WH, Karlsson M. Bonding and reactivity at oxide mineral surfaces from model aqueous complexes. Nature 2000;404:379–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Teder P, Vandivier RW, Jiang D, Liang J, Cohn L, Puré E, et al. Resolution of lung inflammation by CD44. Science 2002;296:155–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wang Z-G. Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Abubakar M, Saeed A, Kul O, editors. The Role of Biotechnology in Improvement of Livestock: Animal Health and Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Amir S, Saeed B, Dawood MUZ, Soonka D, Ahmed N. Software Based Acoustic Modem. In: Shaikh FK, Chowdhry BS, Zeadally S, Hussain DMA, Memon AA, Uqaili MA, editors. Communication Technologies, Information Security and Sustainable Development: Third International Multi-topic Conference, IMTIC 2013, Jamshoro, Pakistan, December 18--20, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Restricting Gay Men From Donating Blood Is Discriminatory. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/restricting-gay-men-from-donating-blood-is-discriminatory/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Clearer Priorities and Greater Use of Innovative Approaches Could Increase the Effectiveness of Technology Transfer at Department of Energy Laboratories. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bozorgchami B. Time and Bandwidth Efficiency in Transmission of Telemedicine and In-Hospital Patient Data. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodara S. Where Art Is in the Air, and in the Ground. New York Times 2013:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
AbbreviationCan. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0008-4182
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology

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