How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chapman T. Seeing is believing. Nature 2003;425:867–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lincoln TA, Joyce GF. Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science 2009;323:1229–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Petsch ST, Eglington TI, Edwards KJ. 14C-dead living biomass: evidence for microbial assimilation of ancient organic carbon during shale weathering. Science 2001;292:1127–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang Y, Liu Z, Zhao Y, Wang W, Li J, Xu J. Mesoscale eddies transport deep-sea sediments. Sci Rep 2014;4:5937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
George MD, Donley TG, Preshaw PM. Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Schalley CA, Vögtle F, Dötz KH, editors. Templates in Chemistry II: -/-. vol. 249. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kilburn BB. Psychiatric Issues in Behavioral Health Disability. In: Warren PA, editor. Behavioral Health Disability: Innovations in Prevention and Management, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 105–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Wedding Bells Or Single Again: Psychology Predicts Where Your Relationship Is Headed. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/wedding-bells-or-single-again-psychology-predicts-where-your-relationship-headed/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. GAO’s Views on SDIO’s Phase I Cost Estimate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hantgan A. Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Waldstein D, Rothenberg B. They Built a Roof. It Got Loud. Now What? New York Times 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
AbbreviationCan. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0008-4182
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology

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