How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Elert E. Calling cells to arms. Nature 2013;504:S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Meskhidze N, Nenes A. Phytoplankton and cloudiness in the Southern Ocean. Science 2006;314:1419–23.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lane M, Robker RL, Robertson SA. Parenting from before conception. Science 2014;345:756–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Selmer M, Dunham CM, Murphy FV 4th, Weixlbaumer A, Petry S, Kelley AC, et al. Structure of the 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA and tRNA. Science 2006;313:1935–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lavi MR. The Impact of IFRS on Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Kalinin SV, Gruverman A, editors. Scanning Probe Microscopy of Functional Materials: Nanoscale Imaging and Spectroscopy. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Trunfio GA. Adaptation in Cooperative Coevolutionary Optimization. In: Fister I, Fister I Jr, editors. Adaptation and Hybridization in Computational Intelligence, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Short, Sharp Shocks Let Slip The Stories Of Supernovae. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/short-sharp-shocks-let-slip-stories-supernovae/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Schedule Delays and Cost Overruns Plague DOD Automated Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ruettgers MM. A Content Analysis to Investigate the Evidence of 21st Century Knowledge and Skills within Elementary Teacher Education Programs in the United States. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. Land Mines in the Battlefields of Home and Office. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
AbbreviationCan. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0008-4182
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology

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