How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Heemels M-T. Ageing. Nature 2010;464:503.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gomez Perdiguero E, Geissmann F. Cancer immunology. Identifying the infiltrators. Science 2014;344:801–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lorsch JR, Collins FS, Lippincott-Schwartz J. Cell Biology. Fixing problems with cell lines. Science 2014;346:1452–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Canals M, Puig P, de Madron XD, Heussner S, Palanques A, Fabres J. Flushing submarine canyons. Nature 2006;444:354–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Praetorius S, Schößer B. Bentonithandbuch. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Wang JG. Who Gets Funds from China’s Capital Market?: A Micro View of China’s Economy via Case Studies on Listed Chinese SMEs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Wildenauer H, Mičušík B, Vincze M. Efficient Texture Representation Using Multi-scale Regions. In: Yagi Y, Kang SB, Kweon IS, Zha H, editors. Computer Vision – ACCV 2007: 8th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Tokyo, Japan, November 18-22, 2007, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Twin Study Shows How Environment Shapes Immune System More Than Genes. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/twin-study-shows-how-environment-shapes-immune-system-more-genes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hood EP. Male teacher perspective on the recruitment of male elementary teachers: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Mets Move to Retain Cespedes and Walker. New York Times 2016:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology/Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
AbbreviationCan. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0008-4182
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Ophthalmology

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