How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shen MM (2015) Cancer: The complex seeds of metastasis. Nature 520:298–299
A journal article with 2 authors
Pagliarini RA, Xu T (2003) A genetic screen in Drosophila for metastatic behavior. Science 302:1227–1231
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter JT, Enzler SA, Treves A (2011) Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science 333:1828–1829
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Folco L, Di Martino M, El Barkooky A, et al (2010) The Kamil Crater in Egypt. Science 329:804

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker G, Thomson D (2006) Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sazgar M, Harden CL (2016) Controversies in Caring for Women with Epilepsy: Sorting Through the Evidence. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yuan C, Duan C, Wu F (2016) Robust $$\mathcal{H}_{\infty }$$ Switching Control of Polytopic Parameter-Varying Systems via Dynamic Output Feedback. In: Li SE, Deng K (eds) Automotive Air Conditioning: Optimization, Control and Diagnosis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) This Boy Was Arrested For Bringing A Clock To Class - And Now He’s Been Invited To The White House. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Public Transportation: Future Demand Is Likely for New Starts and Small Starts Programs, but Improvements Needed to the Small Starts Application Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boucher D (2013) An action research project: Development of a pre-licensure examination review course for Emergency Medical Technician program graduates at a rural community college. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Saudi Team Is Opened to Women. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie
AbbreviationCan. J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0832-610X
ISSN (online)1496-8975
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles