How to format your references using the Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zuk M. Evolution. Dance like no one is watching, sing like no one is listening? Science 2010;328:1237–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Tomaso AW, Weissman IL. Evolution of a protochordate allorecognition locus. Science 2004;303:977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lia G, Michel B, Allemand J-F. Polymerase exchange during Okazaki fragment synthesis observed in living cells. Science 2012;335:328–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Singh P, Hossain M, Gurupatham SK, Shah K, Amah E, Ju D, et al. Molecular-like hierarchical self-assembly of monolayers of mixtures of particles. Sci Rep 2014;4:7427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo G, García-Martín MA. The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Saliot A, editor. The Mediterranean Sea. vol. 5K. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Bachmeier A, Siritanaratkul B, Armstrong FA. Enzymes as Exploratory Catalysts in Artificial Photosynthesis. In: Rozhkova EA, Ariga K, editors. From Molecules to Materials: Pathways to Artificial Photosynthesis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 99–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch Dubai’s New Squad Of Aquatic Jetpack Firefighters. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Equal Employment Opportunity Program Could Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trahan MW. Large-scale 20th Century Warming Identified in the East Siberian Arctic Using Tree-ring Carbon Isotope Records. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Planetarium. New York Times 2017:C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique
ISSN (print)0007-9960
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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