How to format your references using the Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tokmakoff A. Chemistry. Shining light on the rapidly evolving structure of water. Science 2007;317:54–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rhoten D, Parker A. Education. Risks and rewards of an interdisciplinary research path. Science 2004;306:2046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maier T, Leibundgut M, Ban N. The crystal structure of a mammalian fatty acid synthase. Science 2008;321:1315–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Simoncini T, Hafezi-Moghadam A, Brazil DP, Ley K, Chin WW, Liao JK. Interaction of oestrogen receptor with the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase. Nature 2000;407:538–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vettese F. The Essential Retirement Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Adibi S, editor. Mobile Health: A Technology Road Map. vol. 5. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Sullivan EJ, Candy JV. SEQUENTIAL DETECTION ESTIMATION AND NOISE CANCELATION. In: Byrnes J, editor. Imaging for Detection and Identification, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 97–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique.

Blog post
Luntz S. Humpback Whale Birth Observed. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Development and Oversight Challenges in Delivering Improved Space Situational Awareness Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra A. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Folkers KM. The Millennials’ S.T.D.? New York Times 2016:SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique
ISSN (print)0007-9960
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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