How to format your references using the Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schllwa M. Centrioles go for a stroll. Nature 2000;405:292.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruhl HA, Smith KL Jr. Shifts in deep-sea community structure linked to climate and food supply. Science 2004;305:513–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang X-L, Liu L-F, Liu W-M. Quantum anomalous Hall effect and tunable topological states in 3d transition metals doped silicene. Sci Rep 2013;3:2908.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gilbert B, Huang F, Zhang H, Waychunas GA, Banfield JF. Nanoparticles: strained and stiff. Science 2004;305:651–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown SR, Gregory WM, Twelves C, Brown J. A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Koumenis C, Coussens LM, Giaccia A, Hammond E, editors. Tumor Microenvironment: Study Protocols. vol. 899. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahimian J, Chen JCT, Girvigian MR, Miller MJ, Rahimian R. Frame-Based and Frameless Accuracy of Novalis® Radiosurgery. In: De Salles AAF, Gorgulho A, Agazaryan N, Slotman B, Selch M, Burwick AJ, et al., editors. Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique.

Blog post
Davis J. Climate Scientists Expect Us To Miss The Paris Climate Agreement Targets. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Force Aircraft: Reorganizing Mobility Aircraft Units Could Reduce Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Toothaker RD. A phenomenological study of millennial students and traditional pedagogies. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Deconstruct This! New York Times 2002:78.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique
ISSN (print)0007-9960
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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