How to format your references using the Cahiers de la puéricultrice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de la puéricultrice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsushima Y. Weaker signals induce more precise temporal-integration. Sci Rep 2014;4:4660.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wong AMH, Eleftheriades GV. An optical super-microscope for far-field, real-time imaging beyond the diffraction limit. Sci Rep 2013;3:1715.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang Z, Watanabe S, Kato T. The irradiation effect of a simultaneous laser and electron dual-beam on void formation. Sci Rep 2013;3:1201.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ortega-Esteban A, Pérez-Berná AJ, Menéndez-Conejero R, Flint SJ, San Martín C, de Pablo PJ. Monitoring dynamics of human adenovirus disassembly induced by mechanical fatigue. Sci Rep 2013;3:1434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu PP. RTL Hardware Design Using VHDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Williams M, Lee JC-K, editors. Schooling for Sustainable Development in Chinese Communities: Experience with Younger Children. vol. 1. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Swienty O, Jahnke M, Kumke H, Reppermund S. Effective Visual Scanning of Geographic Information. In: Sebillo M, Vitiello G, Schaefer G, editors. Visual Information Systems. Web-Based Visual Information Search and Management: 10th International Conference, VISUAL 2008, Salerno, Italy, September 11-12, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 19–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de la puéricultrice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Cheetah Give Birth To Four Cubs. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Intermodal Approach to Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar L. Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017:C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de la puéricultrice
ISSN (print)0007-9820

Other styles