How to format your references using the Cahiers de la puéricultrice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de la puéricultrice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lin H. Information technology. Technology’s limited role in resolving debates over digital surveillance. Science 2014;345:728–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Körding KP, Wolpert DM. Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning. Nature 2004;427:244–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irie M, Kobatake S, Horichi M. Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation. Science 2001;291:1769–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Foster MA, Salem R, Geraghty DF, Turner-Foster AC, Lipson M, Gaeta AL. Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope. Nature 2008;456:81–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V. Mobile Database Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Ruben PC, editor. Voltage Gated Sodium Channels. vol. 221. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rothe A. Tree Species Management and Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater: A Central European Perspective. In: Binkley D, Menyailo O, editors. Tree Species Effects on Soils: Implications for Global Change: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Trees and Soil Interactions, Implications to Global Climate Change August 2004 Krasnoyarsk, Russia, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 71–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de la puéricultrice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Remind Me Again, How Does Cannabis Affect The Brain? IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Perceptions of Stakeholders on Approaches to Reduce Highway Project Completion Time. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conill AL. Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman R, Walsh MW. Public Pension Tabs Multiply as States Defer Costs and Hard Choices. New York Times 2014:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de la puéricultrice
ISSN (print)0007-9820

Other styles