How to format your references using the Cahiers de la puéricultrice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de la puéricultrice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schulz E. Organic chemistry: One catalyst, two reactions. Nature 2015;517:280–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicholson JM, Ioannidis JPA. Research grants: Conform and be funded. Nature 2012;492:34–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde T, Yaginuma T, Niimi T. Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science 2013;340:495–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tang Y, Shi J, Li S, Wang L, Cayre YE, Chen Y. Microfluidic device with integrated microfilter of conical-shaped holes for high efficiency and high purity capture of circulating tumor cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:6052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca H, Lesca N. Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Armgardt M, Canivez P, Chassagnard-Pinet S, editors. Past and Present Interactions in Legal Reasoning and Logic. vol. 7. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Periakaruppan R, Nadarajan R. Automatic Clustering of Research Articles Using Domain Ontology and Fuzzy Logic. In: Chiu DKW, Wang M, Popescu E, Li Q, Lau R, Shih TK, et al., editors. Advances in Web-Based Learning – ICWL 2013 Workshops: USL 2013, IWSLL 2013, KMEL 2013, IWCWL 2013, WIL 2013, and IWEEC 2013, Kenting, Taiwan, October 6-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de la puéricultrice.

Blog post
Bedell-Pearce H. Researchers Believe They Have Solved The 400 Year Old Mystery Of Prince Rupert’s Drops. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Navigation Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gambini F. Leadership capacity for succession and sustainability in a family-owned private school. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Ambassador Ali. New York Times 2016:F14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de la puéricultrice
ISSN (print)0007-9820

Other styles