How to format your references using the Cahiers de la puéricultrice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cahiers de la puéricultrice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grimaldi D. Paleontology. Pushing back amber production. Science 2009;326:51–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Visser JAGM, Rozen DE. Comment on “High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli.” Science 2004;304:518; author reply 518.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim HK, Hanson GW, Geller DA. Chemistry. Are gold clusters in RF fields hot or not? Science 2013;340:441–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tahiliani M, Mei P, Fang R, Leonor T, Rutenberg M, Shimizu F, et al. The histone H3K4 demethylase SMCX links REST target genes to X-linked mental retardation. Nature 2007;447:601–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hartfuß H-J, Geist T. Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Bonamonte D, Angelini G, editors. Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakamura M, Ogata K, Futatsugi K. Incremental Proofs of Termination, Confluence and Sufficient Completeness of OBJ Specifications. In: Iida S, Meseguer J, Ogata K, editors. Specification, Algebra, and Software: Essays Dedicated to Kokichi Futatsugi, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 92–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cahiers de la puéricultrice.

Blog post
Andrew E. ‘I Could Sow The Seeds Of A New Civilisation’: Mars One Hopeful’s Vision Of A Stellar Future. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Advanced Technology Program’s Indirect Cost Rates and Program Evaluation Status. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckenridge C. Measuring Object and Attribute Salience in 2014 Illinois Gubernatorial Endorsements. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Schweber N. A Woman Called ‘Sweet and Shy,’ Now Accused of Killing Her Newborn. New York Times 2015:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCahiers de la puéricultrice
ISSN (print)0007-9820

Other styles