How to format your references using the Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldhous, P. (2000). Protests force primate farm to close. Nature, 404(6775), 215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grayson, M., & Pincock, S. (2015). Nature Index 2015 Collaborations. Nature, 527(7577), S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
El-Ali, J., Sorger, P. K., & Jensen, K. F. (2006). Cells on chips. Nature, 442(7101), 403–411.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brierley, C. M., Fedorov, A. V., Liu, Z., Herbert, T. D., Lawrence, K. T., & Lariviere, J. P. (2009). Greatly expanded tropical warm pool and weakened Hadley circulation in the early Pliocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5922), 1714–1718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry, P., & Beneat, J. N. (2016). Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kerkhove, B. van, & Bendegem, J. P. van (Eds.). (2007). Perspectives On Mathematical Practices: Bringing Together Philosophy of Mathematics, Sociology of Mathematics, and Mathematics Education (Vol. 5). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Aribi, N., & Lebbah, Y. (2013). Exact Approaches for Parameter Elicitation in Lexicographic Ordering. In P. Perny, M. Pirlot, & A. Tsoukiàs (Eds.), Algorithmic Decision Theory: Third International Conference, ADT 2013, Bruxelles, Belgium, November 12-14, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 45–56). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání).

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 1). Russian Spacecraft Fails On Its Way To Orbit. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Backpay] (No. B-251120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coulibaly, I. (2017). Influence of Gender and Age on the Performance of a PBIS program: Quantitative Analysis of Secondary Data from a Midwestern Suburban Public Middle School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, June 28). Jonathan Groff to Sing Bobby Darin Songs. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldhous, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aldhous, 2000; Grayson & Pincock, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grayson & Pincock, 2015)
  • Three authors: (El-Ali, Sorger, & Jensen, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brierley et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Trends (Trendy v podnikání)
ISSN (print)1805-0603

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