How to format your references using the Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S. (2003). Twin peaks Rhône-Alpes. Nature, 426(6964), 366–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peppe, D. J., & Royer, D. L. (2015). ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. Can climate feel the pressure? Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6240), 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, J. H., Lin, Y., & Elowitz, M. B. (2013). Functional roles of pulsing in genetic circuits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6163), 1193–1200.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pruyne, D., Evangelista, M., Yang, C., Bi, E., Zigmond, S., Bretscher, A., & Boone, C. (2002). Role of formins in actin assembly: nucleation and barbed-end association. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 612–615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal, T., Cheng, Y., & Fjeldly, T. A. (2003). Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yang, H. S., Malaka, R., Hoshino, J., & Han, J. H. (Eds.). (2010). Entertainment Computing - ICEC 2010: 9th International Conference, ICEC 2010, Seoul, Korea, September 8-11, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6243). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Issa, T., & Isaias, P. (2015). Physical, Cognitive and Affective Engineering. In P. Isaias (Ed.), Sustainable Design: HCI, Usability and Environmental Concerns (pp. 59–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání).

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 24). Keep Fidgeting, It Might Cancel Out The Negative Effects Of Prolonged Sitting. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade (GAO-14-299). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manuel, D. G. (2019). Integrate or Innovate: Controlling Schedule Risk in Major Defense Acquisition Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, November 4). Elections Could Shift Power in Nassau. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman, 2003; Peppe & Royer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peppe & Royer, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Levine et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pruyne et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Trends (Trendy v podnikání)
ISSN (print)1805-0603

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