How to format your references using the Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Running, S. W. (2012). Ecology. A measurable planetary boundary for the biosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6101), 1458–1459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duncan, R. P., & Williams, P. A. (2002). Ecology: Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis challenged. Nature, 417(6889), 608–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chisholm, M. F., Kumar, S., & Hazzledine, P. (2005). Dislocations in complex materials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 701–703.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, J., Qian, J., Hu, Y., Wang, J., Zhou, X., Chen, H., & Fang, J.-Y. (2014). Heterogeneity of Li-Fraumeni syndrome links to unequal gain-of-function effects of p53 mutations. Scientific Reports, 4, 4223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalenko, N. P., Krasny, Y. P., & Krey, U. (2005). Physics of Amorphous Metals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Salvendy, G., & Smith, M. J. (Eds.). (2011). Human Interface and the Management of Information. Interacting with Information: Symposium on Human Interface 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6772). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Herway, S. T., Boban, R., & Khoche, S. (2016). Left Ventricular Systolic Function. In T. M. Maus, S. Nhieu, & S. T. Herway (Eds.), Essential Echocardiography: Transesophageal Echocardiography for Non-cardiac Anesthesiologists (pp. 61–76). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání).

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 31). Five Reasons Bats Really Are Scary, and One Why They Aren’t. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Review of the Policies and Procedures of the Office of Education in Administering Contracts Awarded for the Purpose of Studying or Evaluating Educational Programs (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Andrews, M. (2014). Health literacy competencies for health professionals: A Delphi study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2016, December 10). Protests Carry Echoes of South Korea’s Past. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Running, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan & Williams, 2002; Running, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duncan & Williams, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chisholm et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Trends (Trendy v podnikání)
ISSN (print)1805-0603

Other styles