How to format your references using the Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowlan, W. (2002). Human genetics. A rational view of insurance and genetic discrimination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 195–196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, J. M., & Widmann, M. (2004). Atmospheric science: early peak in Antarctic oscillation index. Nature, 432(7015), 290–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohrer, A. M., Thrush, S. F., & Gibbs, M. M. (2004). Bioturbators enhance ecosystem function through complex biogeochemical interactions. Nature, 431(7012), 1092–1095.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, C., Yang, J., Zheng, Y., Xu, Z., & Jiang, X. (2014). Early magnitude estimation for the MW7.9 Wenchuan earthquake using progressively expanded P-wave time window. Scientific Reports, 4, 6770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M. C., & Guthner, M. W. (2016). The Options Edge + Free Trial. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Read, R., Urzhumtsev, A. G., & Lunin, V. Y. (Eds.). (2013). Advancing Methods for Biomolecular Crystallography. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben Cheikh, A., Abbes, H., & Fedak, G. (2014). Towards Privacy for MapReduce on Hybrid Clouds Using Information Dispersal Algorithm. In A. Hameurlain, T. K. Dang, & F. Morvan (Eds.), Data Management in Cloud, Grid and P2P Systems: 7th International Conference, Globe 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 37–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Trends (Trendy v podnikání).

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Watch These Leafcutter Ants Carry Fresh Leaves for Their Fungal Farms. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Truck Safety: Implementation of the Single Driver’s License and Notification Requirements (RCED-89-30). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dandavate, R. (2006). Building Cultural Understanding Through Cultural Exchange [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, November 8). This ‘Green’ Is Not a Color. New York Times, NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowlan, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jones & Widmann, 2004; Nowlan, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones & Widmann, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Lohrer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Peng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Trends (Trendy v podnikání)
ISSN (print)1805-0603

Other styles