How to format your references using the Business Ethics: A European Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Ethics: A European Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van der Hart, H. W. (2010). Physics. When does photoemission begin? Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5986), 1645–1646.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, D., & Ma, X. L. (2013). Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside tetragonal Al(2)Cu compound: slip system-dependent dynamics. Scientific Reports, 3, 3157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caro, E., Castellano, M. M., & Gutierrez, C. (2007). A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature, 447(7141), 213–217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Avinoam, O., Fridman, K., Valansi, C., Abutbul, I., Zeev-Ben-Mordehai, T., Maurer, U. E., … Podbilewicz, B. (2011). Conserved eukaryotic fusogens can fuse viral envelopes to cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6029), 589–592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS. (2006). Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ebrahim-Zadeh, M., & Sorokina, I. T. (Eds.). (2008). Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dissanayake, C. B., & Chandrajith, R. (2009). Medical Geology of Fluoride. In R. Chandrajith (Ed.), Introduction to Medical Geology (pp. 59–97). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Ethics: A European Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17). Africa Has Been Free Of Wild Polio For An Entire Year Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Passengers with Disabilities: Air Carriers’ Disability-Training Programs and the Department of Transportation’s Oversight (No. GAO-17-541R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schiffbauer, L. W. (2013). The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, May 24). Heard the One About the Angsty Comic? New York Times, p. AR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van der Hart, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Ma, 2013; van der Hart, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Ma, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Caro, Castellano, & Gutierrez, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Avinoam et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Ethics: A European Review
AbbreviationBus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0962-8770
ISSN (online)1467-8608
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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