How to format your references using the Business Ethics: A European Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Ethics: A European Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, J. F. (2013). If a job is worth doing, it is worth doing twice. Nature, 496(7443), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright, S. I., & Barrett, S. C. H. (2010). Evolution. The long-term benefits of self-rejection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6003), 459–460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutiérrez, N. L., Hilborn, R., & Defeo, O. (2011). Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries. Nature, 470(7334), 386–389.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nechaev, S., Fargo, D. C., dos Santos, G., Liu, L., Gao, Y., & Adelman, K. (2010). Global analysis of short RNAs reveals widespread promoter-proximal stalling and arrest of Pol II in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 335–338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mishra, A. R. (2010). Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Adhikari, A. (2015). Advances in Knowledge Discovery in Databases. (J. Adhikari, Ed.) (Vol. 79). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zorro, Y. (2016). Ciudad Bolivar, Bogota: Scorned Territories. In J.-C. Bolay, J. Chenal, & Y. Pedrazzini (Eds.), Learning from the Slums for the Development of Emerging Cities (pp. 47–58). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Ethics: A European Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 10). Drug Lord’s Escaped Hippos Are Causing Chaos In Colombia Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Results-Oriented Management: OPM Needs to Do More to Ensure Meaningful Distinctions Are Made in SES Ratings and Performance Awards (No. GAO-15-189). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spotts, S. L. (2017). A Comparative Analysis of Missouri Elementary School Arts Curriculums (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, July 1). Felix’s 200-Meter Win May Help Settle the 100. New York Times, p. SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Russell, 2013; Wright & Barrett, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wright & Barrett, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gutiérrez, Hilborn, & Defeo, 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nechaev et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Ethics: A European Review
AbbreviationBus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0962-8770
ISSN (online)1467-8608
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

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