How to format your references using the Business Ethics: A European Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Ethics: A European Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2000). Japan’s cloning ban will allow stem cell experiments. Nature, 404(6776), 321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salters, V. J. M., & Dick, H. J. B. (2002). Mineralogy of the mid-ocean-ridge basalt source from neodymium isotopic composition of abyssal peridotites. Nature, 418(6893), 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haider, B., Häusser, M., & Carandini, M. (2013). Inhibition dominates sensory responses in the awake cortex. Nature, 493(7430), 97–100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michler, P., Kiraz, A., Becher, C., Schoenfeld, W. V., Petroff, P. M., Zhang, L., … Imamoglu, A. (2000). A quantum dot single-photon turnstile device. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5500), 2282–2285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid, M. M. (2006). Spacecraft Sensors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nuttall, J. (Ed.). (2014). Microbicides for Prevention of HIV Infection (Vol. 383). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonami, P. (2011). Lift-and-Project Cuts for Mixed Integer Convex Programs. In O. Günlük & G. J. Woeginger (Eds.), Integer Programming and Combinatoral Optimization: 15th International Conference, IPCO 2011, New York, NY, USA, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 52–64). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Ethics: A European Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 24). What’s The Happiest Country In The World? Retrieved from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Aviation: Issues Associated With the Theft of Stock Used to Create Airline Tickets (No. RCED-99-219). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bladen, L. (2014). Relationship of Embodied Nursing Knowledge and Client Outcomes in Home Health (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, June 15). An Orchestra Tuned to Thrive. New York Times, p. AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Salters & Dick, 2002; Triendl, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salters & Dick, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Haider, Häusser, & Carandini, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michler et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Ethics: A European Review
AbbreviationBus. Ethics
ISSN (print)0962-8770
ISSN (online)1467-8608
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles