How to format your references using the Business & Information Systems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business & Information Systems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Metzger RA (2000) The stars my incarnation. Nature 408:35
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinberger B, Torsvik TH (2008) Absolute plate motions and true polar wander in the absence of hotspot tracks. Nature 452:620–623
A journal article with 3 authors
Buszczak M, Paterno S, Spradling AC (2009) Drosophila stem cells share a common requirement for the histone H2B ubiquitin protease scrawny. Science 323:248–251
A journal article with 5 or more authors
He X, Pan D, Bai Y, et al (2014) A new simple concept for ocean colour remote sensing using parallel polarisation radiance. Sci Rep 4:3748

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callahan KR, Stetz GS, Brooks LM (2011) Project Management Accounting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tsohatzidis SL (ed) (2007) Intentional Acts and Institutional Facts: Essays on John Searle’s Social Ontology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Serra J (2011) Grain Building Ordering. In: Soille P, Pesaresi M, Ouzounis GK (eds) Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business & Information Systems Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Genetic Tweak Makes Mouse Brain Cells Behave Like Primates’. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Automated Information Systems Security in Federal Civil Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britigan DH (2009) Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state area. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer KP (2005) Taking Action Against Discrimination. New York Times 103

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Metzger 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Metzger 2000; Steinberger and Torsvik 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinberger and Torsvik 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness & Information Systems Engineering
ISSN (print)2363-7005
ISSN (online)1867-0202

Other styles