How to format your references using the Business & Information Systems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business & Information Systems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004) Aerospace meets biotech. Nature 429:223
A journal article with 2 authors
Fishman L, Saunders A (2008) Centromere-associated female meiotic drive entails male fitness costs in monkeyflowers. Science 322:1559–1562
A journal article with 3 authors
Olsen A, Vantipalli MC, Lithgow GJ (2006) Checkpoint proteins control survival of the postmitotic cells in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science 312:1381–1385
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baba H, Aziz F, Kaifu Y, et al (2003) Homo erectus calvarium from the Pleistocene of Java. Science 299:1384–1388

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burton E (2016) Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Allen KS (2005) Pro ASP.NET 1.1 in VB .NET: From Professional to Expert. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Gore RM, Silvers R (2014) Infectious, Inflammatory, and Ischemic Diseases of the Colon and Rectum. In: Hodler J, Schulthess GK von, Kubik-Huch RA, Zollikofer CL (eds) Diseases of the Abdomen and Pelvis 2014–2017: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques. Springer, Milano, pp 38–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business & Information Systems Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Thousands Of Relics Recovered From Ancient Mexican City. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) School Age Demographics: Recent Trends Pose New Educational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez E (2009) Keys to my home: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker AL, Mueller B (2016) Suspect in Machete Killing Said Neighbors Spied on Him, Officials Say. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Fishman and Saunders 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fishman and Saunders 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Baba et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness & Information Systems Engineering
ISSN (print)2363-7005
ISSN (online)1867-0202

Other styles