How to format your references using the Business & Information Systems Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business & Information Systems Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher CB (2006) Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions. Science 311:180–181
A journal article with 2 authors
Menand T, Tait SR (2001) A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature 411:678–680
A journal article with 3 authors
Tzfira T, Vaidya M, Citovsky V (2004) Involvement of targeted proteolysis in plant genetic transformation by Agrobacterium. Nature 431:87–92
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Johansson LC, Engel S, Kelber A, et al (2013) Multiple leading edge vortices of unexpected strength in freely flying hawkmoth. Sci Rep 3:3264

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fu F (2015) Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Marín-Peña Ó (ed) (2012) Femoroacetabular Impingement. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kifer M, Smolka SA (2007) Threads: Management and Scheduling of Threads. In: Smolka SA (ed) Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation: The OSP 2 Approach. Springer, London, pp 57–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business & Information Systems Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Paralyzed Man Able To Move His Arm With His Thoughts In World-First Procedure. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horta G (2013) The potential of the Eurozone crisis to mobilize extreme right support in Spain, Portugal, and Italy. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bromwich JE (2017) Real-Life Harvey and Irma Marvel at the Hurricanes. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Menand and Tait 2001; Fisher 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menand and Tait 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Johansson et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness & Information Systems Engineering
ISSN (print)2363-7005
ISSN (online)1867-0202

Other styles