How to format your references using the Building Research & Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Building Research & Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Declercq, G. (2005). Comment on “How science survived: medieval manuscripts’ ‘demography’ and classic texts’ extinction.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5754), 1618; author reply 1618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maheshwari, V., & Saraf, R. F. (2006). High-resolution thin-film device to sense texture by touch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5779), 1501–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laporte, S. A., Oakley, R. H., & Caron, M. G. (2001). Signal transduction. Bringing channels closer to the action! Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 62–63.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Molnár, A., Schwach, F., Studholme, D. J., Thuenemann, E. C., & Baulcombe, D. C. (2007). miRNAs control gene expression in the single-cell alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Nature, 447(7148), 1126–1129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2000). Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ginès, P., Kamath, P. S., & Arroyo, V. (Eds.). (2011). Chronic Liver Failure: Mechanisms and Management. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Lai, Y., Zheng, Y., & Cao, J. (2007). Protocols for Traffic Safety Using Wireless Sensor Network. In H. Jin, O. F. Rana, Y. Pan, & V. K. Prasanna (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 7th International Conference, ICA3PP 2007, Hangzhou, China, June 11-14, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 37–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Building Research & Information.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 16). Astronomers Searched 100,000 Galaxies For Signs Of Advanced Alien Civilizations. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (B-256497). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavala, M. (2009). Latinos’ attitudes towards receiving mental health services [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, June 30). Track Town USA and Meet It Wants to Keep. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Declercq, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Declercq, 2005; Maheshwari & Saraf, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maheshwari & Saraf, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Laporte et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Molnár et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBuilding Research & Information
AbbreviationBuild. Res. Inf.
ISSN (print)0961-3218
ISSN (online)1466-4321
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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