How to format your references using the Building Research & Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Building Research & Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hendler, J. (2003). Communication. Science and the semantic web. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 520–521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eisch, A. J., & Petrik, D. (2012). Depression and hippocampal neurogenesis: a road to remission? Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6103), 72–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grottoli, A. G., Rodrigues, L. J., & Palardy, J. E. (2006). Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature, 440(7088), 1186–1189.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dodd, A. N., Salathia, N., Hall, A., Kévei, E., Tóth, R., Nagy, F., Hibberd, J. M., Millar, A. J., & Webb, A. A. R. (2005). Plant circadian clocks increase photosynthesis, growth, survival, and competitive advantage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5734), 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Muccini, M., & Toffanin, S. (2016). Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guelfi, M. R., Masoni, M., Conti, A., & Gensini, G. F. (Eds.). (2011). E-learning in sanità: Progettare, produrre ed erogare corsi di formazione online per l’area sanitaria. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Galton, A., & Worboys, M. (2005). Processes and Events in Dynamic Geo-Networks. In M. A. Rodríguez, I. Cruz, S. Levashkin, & M. J. Egenhofer (Eds.), GeoSpatial Semantics: First International Conference, GeoS 2005, Mexico City, Mexico, November 29-30, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 45–59). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Building Research & Information.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 26). Huge DNA Study Assesses Genomes Of Iceland’s Population. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Proposed Closure of VOA Dixon Relay Station (ID-79-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayes, E. T. (2012). Musical improvisation and the creative process [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016, September 19). Fond Paean Kicks Off a High-Profile Run. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hendler, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Eisch & Petrik, 2012; Hendler, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eisch & Petrik, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Grottoli et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dodd et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBuilding Research & Information
AbbreviationBuild. Res. Inf.
ISSN (print)0961-3218
ISSN (online)1466-4321
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles