How to format your references using the Building Research & Information citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Building Research & Information. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parker, T. (2011). Sustainable energy: Cutting science’s electricity bill. Nature, 480(7377), 315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yeates, T. O., & Clubb, R. T. (2007). Biochemistry. How some pili pull. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1558–1559.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakakura, A., Ukai, A., & Ishihara, K. (2007). Enantioselective halocyclization of polyprenoids induced by nucleophilic phosphoramidites. Nature, 445(7130), 900–903.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Himeno, M., Kitazawa, Y., Yoshida, T., Maejima, K., Yamaji, Y., Oshima, K., & Namba, S. (2014). Purple top symptoms are associated with reduction of leaf cell death in phytoplasma-infected plants. Scientific Reports, 4, 4111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atkin, N., Biddiss, M., & Tallett, F. (2011). The Wiley-Blackwell Dictionary of Modern European History Since 1789. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Harcourt, W. (Ed.). (2016). The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Development: Critical Engagements in Feminist Theory and Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Saravacos, G., & Kostaropoulos, A. E. (2016). Mechanical Processing Equipment. In A. E. Kostaropoulos (Ed.), Handbook of Food Processing Equipment (pp. 149–232). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Building Research & Information.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 3). First North American Measles Death Since 2003. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Educational Laboratory and Research and Development Center Programs Need To Be Strengthened (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davies, G. L. (2015). An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, June 16). Mystery of the Missing Tenants. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Parker, 2011; Yeates & Clubb, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yeates & Clubb, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Sakakura, Ukai, & Ishihara, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Himeno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBuilding Research & Information
AbbreviationBuild. Res. Inf.
ISSN (print)0961-3218
ISSN (online)1466-4321
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

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