How to format your references using the British Journal of Guidance & Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Guidance & Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sánchez-Lavega, A. (2005). How long is the day on Saturn? Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5713), 1223–1224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sipp, D., & Turner, L. (2012). Stem cells. U.S. regulation of stem cells as medical products. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6112), 1296–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryckman, J. D., Jiao, Y., & Weiss, S. M. (2013). Three-dimensional patterning and morphological control of porous nanomaterials by gray-scale direct imprinting. Scientific Reports, 3, 1502.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, H. F., Tong, J., Hannan, F., Luo, L., & Zhong, Y. (2000). A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. Nature, 403(6772), 895–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollin, C. R. (2016). The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Balali-Mood, M., & Abdollahi, M. (Eds.). (2014). Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Organophosphorus Compounds. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mo, W., Guan, S.-U., & Puthusserypady, S. K. (2007). A Novel Hybrid Algorithm for Function Optimization: Particle Swarm Assisted Incremental Evolution Strategy. In A. Abraham, C. Grosan, & H. Ishibuchi (Eds.), Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms (pp. 101–125). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Guidance & Counselling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 21). New Gene Links To Schizophrenia Could Open The Door To Improved Treatments. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time (GAO-16-141). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, D. A. (2010). Cancer: Modeling the distribution of sizes of detectable metastases [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016, December 16). What Shot Rocky Up Those Steps. New York Times, AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sánchez-Lavega, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sánchez-Lavega, 2005; Sipp & Turner, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sipp & Turner, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Ryckman et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Guidance & Counselling
AbbreviationBr. J. Guid. Counc.
ISSN (print)0306-9885
ISSN (online)1469-3534
ScopeApplied Psychology

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