How to format your references using the Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E.: Almost in bloom. Nature. 452, 122–124 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kriwacki, R.W., Yoon, M.-K.: Cell biology. Fishing in the nuclear pore. Science. 333, 44–45 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Fang, Y., Seong, N.-H., Dlott, D.D.: Measurement of the distribution of site enhancements in surface-enhanced Raman scattering. Science. 321, 388–392 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jones, R.J., Ward, S., Loh, W.K.: Communication arising. Is coral bleaching really adaptive? Nature. 415, 601–602 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C.A.: The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Kim, T.-H., Yang, L.T., Park, J.H., Chang, A.C.-C., Vasilakos, T., Yeo, S.-S. eds: Advances in Communication and Networking: Second International Conference on Future Generation Communication and Networking, FGCN 2008, Sanya, Hainan Island, China, December 13-15, 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Buhl, S., McColl, D.: BEDFORD’S MORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES. In: McColl, D. (ed.) Henbury Craters and Meteorites: Their Discovery, History and Study. pp. 54–63. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: New Evidence That The Universe Is Expanding Faster Than We Expected,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program’s 1997 Award Selection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marcus, J.: Voices of survival: Opera in Theresienstadt, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N.: Pregnant and Facing Dilemma Over Zika, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana
AbbreviationBoll. Unione Mat. Ital.
ISSN (print)1972-6724
ISSN (online)2198-2759
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles