How to format your references using the Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Demographic shifts. Nature. 414, 3 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Herrera, A.M., Cohn, M.J.: Embryonic origin and compartmental organization of the external genitalia. Sci. Rep. 4, 6896 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Haince, J.-F., Rouleau, M., Poirier, G.G.: Transcription. Gene expression needs a break to unwind before carrying on. Science. 312, 1752–1753 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Im, K.-S., Cheong, S.-K., Powell, C.F., Lai, M.-C.D., Wang, J.: Unraveling the geometry dependence of in-nozzle cavitation in high-pressure injectors. Sci. Rep. 3, 2067 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kromidas, S.: Der HPLC-Experte. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany (2014)
An edited book
Imine, H.: Sliding Mode Based Analysis and Identification of Vehicle Dynamics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Carvalho, G., Carvalho, A., Rocha, E., Cavalcanti, A., Sampaio, A.: A Formal Model for Natural-Language Timed Requirements of Reactive Systems. In: Merz, S. and Pang, J. (eds.) Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 16th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2014, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, November 3-5, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 43–58. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Watching Fish Is Good For Your Health


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Agencies’ Actions To Implement Section 11 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swift, I.: The Perceived Effect of Hidden Costs on the Operational Management of Information Technology Outsourcing: A Qualitative Study, (2011)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S.: A New Rating For Portrayals Of Gender, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana
AbbreviationBoll. Unione Mat. Ital.
ISSN (print)1972-6724
ISSN (online)2198-2759
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles