How to format your references using the Body & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walker, Nigel J. (2002) Tech.Sight. A technique whose time has come. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5567): 557–559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pan, Raj Kumar and Fortunato, Santo (2014) Author Impact Factor: tracking the dynamics of individual scientific impact. Scientific reports 4: 4880.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levin, Elena J., Quick, Matthias and Zhou, Ming (2009) Crystal structure of a bacterial homologue of the kidney urea transporter. Nature 462(7274): 757–761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Jian, Körner, Steffi, Craig, Stephen L., et al. (2002) Amplification by compartmentalization. Nature 415(6870): 385–386.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant, Karl M. (2005) Logically Determined Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Qi, Ershi, Shen, Jiang and Dou, Runliang (eds) (2013) The 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Engineering Economics Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodyer, Paul (2009) Renal Dysplasia/Hypoplasia. In: Avner, Ellis, Harmon, William, Niaudet, Patrick, et al. (eds) Pediatric Nephrology: Sixth Completely Revised, Updated and Enlarged Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 107–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body & Society.

Blog post
Hale, Tom (2016) This Real-Life Loch Monster Lived In Jurassic Scotland. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown. T-AIMD-98-212, 16 June. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen, Umera (2012) Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, Linda (2007) Eye Spy. New York Times, 26 August.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walker, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Pan and Fortunato, 2014; Walker, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pan and Fortunato, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody & Society
AbbreviationBody Soc.
ISSN (print)1357-034X
ISSN (online)1460-3632
ScopeSocial Psychology
Health(social science)
Cultural Studies

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