How to format your references using the Body & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piot, Philippe (2015) Particle physics: Positrons ride the wave. Nature 524(7566): 422–423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clubb, Ros and Mason, Georgia (2003) Animal welfare: captivity effects on wide-ranging carnivores. Nature 425(6957): 473–474.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, P. Dylan, Liaw, Hua-Peng and Lee, Albert K. (2014) Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345(6198): 814–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qin, Guangzhao, Yan, Qing-Bo, Qin, Zhenzhen, et al. (2014) Hinge-like structure induced unusual properties of black phosphorus and new strategies to improve the thermoelectric performance. Scientific reports 4: 6946.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cahill, Thomas H. (2012) Low Impact Development and Sustainable Stormwater Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Franco, Alejandro A., Doublet, Marie Liesse and Bessler, Wolfgang G. (eds) (2016) Physical Multiscale Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Electrochemical Devices for Energy Conversion and Storage: From Theory to Engineering to Practice. Green Energy and Technology. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, Bernett T. K. and Brusic, Vladimir (2008) Allergen Bioinformatics. In: Schönbach, Christian, Ranganathan, Shoba, and Brusic, Vladimir (eds) Immunoinformatics. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 91–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body & Society.

Blog post
Davis, Josh (2017) Both Wolves And Dogs Stop Cooperating If They Know They’ve Been Cheated. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Direct Loan Debate. HRD-93-15R, 8 February. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Singh, Akash (2017) Improving the Usability of Typometric Solutions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary (2010) Scouting Report. New York Times, 6 May.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Piot, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Clubb and Mason, 2003; Piot, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clubb and Mason, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Qin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody & Society
AbbreviationBody Soc.
ISSN (print)1357-034X
ISSN (online)1460-3632
ScopeSocial Psychology
Health(social science)
Cultural Studies

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