How to format your references using the Body & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Body & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patenaude, Genevieve (2010) Climate class for business schools. Nature 466(7302): 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tholl, Dorothea and Gershenzon, Jonathan (2015) BIOCHEMISTRY. The flowering of a new scent pathway in rose. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349(6243): 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey C., Zuber, Maria T. and Banerdt, W. Bruce (2008) The Borealis basin and the origin of the martian crustal dichotomy. Nature 453(7199): 1212–1215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, Yu, Liang, Yuan, Hu, Jinlong, et al. (2014) Reduction of intraarticular adhesion by topical application of colchicine following knee surgery in rabbits. Scientific reports 4: 6405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, Akio (2016) Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Treschev, Dmitry (2010) Introduction to the Perturbation Theory of Hamiltonian Systems. Zubelevich, Oleg (ed.). Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lavagnino, Zeno, Zanacchi, Francesca Cella and Diaspro, Alberto (2011) Role of Scattering and Nonlinear Effects in the Illumination and the Photobleaching Distribution Profiles. In: Diaspro, Alberto (ed.) Optical Fluorescence Microscopy: From the Spectral to the Nano Dimension. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 75–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Body & Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan (2016) Watch Live As ESA Attempts To Land On Mars. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1967) Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts. B-133394, 1 November. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron, Kimberly D. (2017) The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, John (2017) Gallery of Horrors. New York Times, 15 September.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patenaude, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Patenaude, 2010; Tholl and Gershenzon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tholl and Gershenzon, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBody & Society
AbbreviationBody Soc.
ISSN (print)1357-034X
ISSN (online)1460-3632
ScopeSocial Psychology
Health(social science)
Cultural Studies

Other styles