How to format your references using the BMC Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zatz M. Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science. 2005;308:55–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moffatt HK, Shimomura Y. Classical dynamics: spinning eggs--a paradox resolved. Nature. 2002;416:385–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Körtner G, Brigham RM, Geiser F. Winter torpor in a large bird. Nature. 2000;407:318.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Topál J, Gergely G, Miklósi A, Erdohegyi A, Csibra G. Infants’ perseverative search errors are induced by pragmatic misinterpretation. Science. 2008;321:1831–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kwok S. Organic Matter in the Universe. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Popper AN, Hawkins A, editors. The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liu L, Ma H, Tao D, Zhang D. A Hierarchical Cooperation Model for Application Self-reconfiguration of Sensor Networks. In: Shen W, Luo J, Lin Z, Barthès J-PA, Hao Q, editors. Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design III: 10th International Conference, CSCWD 2006, Nanjing, China, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Women's Health.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Found: Missing Link in the Production of our Protein Factories. IFLScience. 2014. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Cost Of Aerospace Ground Equipment Could Be Reduced. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bishop-Randol E. Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Jeter Deal Done; Now Comes Hard Part. New York Times. 2010;:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Women's Health
AbbreviationBMC Womens. Health
ISSN (online)1472-6874
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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