How to format your references using the BMC Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker M. Proteomics: The interaction map. Nature. 2012;484:271–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tamura K, Schimmel P. Chiral-selective aminoacylation of an RNA minihelix. Science. 2004;305:1253.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lin T-W, Dai C-S, Hung K-C. High energy density asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiOOH/Ni3S2/3D graphene and Fe3O4/graphene composite electrodes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7274.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pfleiderer C, Böni P, Keller T, Rössler UK, Rosch A. Non-Fermi liquid metal without quantum criticality. Science. 2007;316:1871–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sturges RH Jr. Practical Field Robotics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Nguyen NT, editor. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence VI. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hustak T, Krejcar O, Selamat A, Mashinchi R, Kuca K. Principles of Usability in Human-Computer Interaction Driven by an Evaluation Framework of User Actions. In: Younas M, Awan I, Mecella M, editors. Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems: 12th International Conference, MobiWis 2015, Rome, Italy, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Women's Health.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. One In Five Tattoo Inks In Australia Contain Carcinogenic Chemicals. IFLScience. 2016. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area Plan: Fiscal Years 1998-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Katavic I. Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schmidt MS, Apuzzo M. Trump Lawyer Spreads Email With Secessionist Rhetoric. New York Times. 2017;:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Women's Health
AbbreviationBMC Womens. Health
ISSN (online)1472-6874
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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