How to format your references using the BMC Women's Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Women's Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wijnen H. Circadian rhythms. A circadian loop asSIRTs itself. Science. 2009;324:598–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Duffy PE, Fried M. Biomedicine. Turncoat antibodies. Science. 2001;293:2009–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sinsabaugh RL, Hill BH, Follstad Shah JJ. Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment. Nature. 2009;462:795–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gaur N, Kundu S, Piramanayagam SN, Maurer SL, Tan HK, Wong SK, et al. Lateral displacement induced disorder in L1(0)-FePt nanostructures by ion-implantation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stacey D. Aeronautical Radio Communication Systems and Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Sarma KV. Gaṇita-Yukti-Bhāṣā (Rationales in Mathematical Astronomy) of Jyeṣṭhadeva: Volume II - Astronomy. Gurgaon: Hindustan Book Agency; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Camenisch J, Dubovitskaya M, Kohlweiss M, Lapon J, Neven G. Cryptographic Mechanisms for Privacy. In: Camenisch J, Fischer-Hübner S, Rannenberg K, editors. Privacy and Identity Management for Life. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 117–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Women's Health.

Blog post
1. Hale T. “Biohackers” Show How To Make An EpiPen For $30. IFLScience. 2016. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Has An Opportunity to Enhance Safety and Improve Oversight of Initial Pilot Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ferreira TJ. Fragmented: Moving Away from Control. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. Driver in Deadly Times Square Crash Is Charged With Murder. New York Times. 2017;:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Women's Health
AbbreviationBMC Womens. Health
ISSN (online)1472-6874
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

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