How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldauf, S.L., 2003. The deep roots of eukaryotes. Science 300, 1703–1706.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helffrich, G.R., Wood, B.J., 2001. The Earth’s mantle. Nature 412, 501–507.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buehler, M.J., Abraham, F.F., Gao, H., 2003. Hyperelasticity governs dynamic fracture at a critical length scale. Nature 426, 141–146.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phiel, C.J., Wilson, C.A., Lee, V.M.-Y., Klein, P.S., 2003. GSK-3alpha regulates production of Alzheimer’s disease amyloid-beta peptides. Nature 423, 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 1995. Guidelines for Technical Planning for on-site Emergencies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Saxena, A. (Ed.), 2013. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery of the Foot and Ankle. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Garcia-Duran, P., Millet, M., Orbie, J., 2016. EU Trade Policy Reaction to the BIC: From Accommodation to Entrenchment, in: Barbé, E., Costa, O., Kissack, R. (Eds.), EU Policy Responses to a Shifting Multilateral System. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 93–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Factories In Space: How Extra-Terrestrial Industry Could Keep Humans Alive [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Insights Into CETA’s In-School Youth Programs (No. HRD-82-116). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cusick, J.A., 2012. Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Once ‘All In,’ Mets Are More Than 10 Games Out at the All-Star Break. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baldauf, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Baldauf, 2003; Helffrich and Wood, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helffrich and Wood, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Phiel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles