How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fulweiler, R.W., 2009. Microbiology. Fantastic fixers. Science 326, 377–378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petcherski, A.G., Kimble, J., 2000. LAG-3 is a putative transcriptional activator in the C. elegans Notch pathway. Nature 405, 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kossin, J.P., Emanuel, K.A., Vecchi, G.A., 2014. The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature 509, 349–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, W., Jiang, Z., Liu, J., Haverty, P.M., Guan, Y., Stinson, J., Yue, P., Zhang, Y., Pant, K.P., Bhatt, D., Ha, C., Johnson, S., Kennemer, M.I., Mohan, S., Nazarenko, I., Watanabe, C., Sparks, A.B., Shames, D.S., Gentleman, R., de Sauvage, F.J., Stern, H., Pandita, A., Ballinger, D.G., Drmanac, R., Modrusan, Z., Seshagiri, S., Zhang, Z., 2010. The mutation spectrum revealed by paired genome sequences from a lung cancer patient. Nature 465, 473–477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A., 2017. Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Baskin, H.J., Sr., Duick, D.S., Levine, R.A. (Eds.), 2013. Thyroid Ultrasound and Ultrasound-Guided FNA, 3rd ed. 2013. ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Folorunso Olufemi, A., Sunar, M.S., Jusoh, N.M., 2011. Improved Incremental Orthogonal Centroid Algorithm for Visualising Pipeline Sensor Datasets, in: Badioze Zaman, H., Robinson, P., Petrou, M., Olivier, P., Shih, T.K., Velastin, S., Nyström, I. (Eds.), Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 24–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. GPS Satellites Could Find Dark Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. National Airspace System: Problems Plaguing the Wide Area Augmentation System and FAA’s Actions to Address Them (No. T-RCED-00-229). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A., 2017. It All Started on a Lake (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Dueling Frenchwomen Show Signs of a Thaw After Their Chilly Match. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fulweiler, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fulweiler, 2009; Petcherski and Kimble, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petcherski and Kimble, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles