How to format your references using the Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, N.B., 2005. Evolution. An Eocene big bang for bats. Science 307, 527–528.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bannerman, D.M., Sprengel, R., 2007. Neuroscience. Remembering the subtle differences. Science 317, 50–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaeger, T.F., Pontillo, D., Graff, P., 2012. Comment on “Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa.” Science 335, 1042; author reply 1042.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mattingley, J.B., Rich, A.N., Yelland, G., Bradshaw, J.L., 2001. Unconscious priming eliminates automatic binding of colour and alphanumeric form in synaesthesia. Nature 410, 580–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper, N., Forrest, K., Cramp, P., 2008. Essential Guide to Acute Care. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Aktas, B., Mikailov, F. (Eds.), 2009. Advances in Nanoscale Magnetism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanoscale Magnetism ICNM-2007 June 25–29, Istanbul, Turkey, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Duncan, J.G., Finck, B.N., 2012. PPAR/PGC-1 Regulation of Metabolism in Cardiac Disease, in: Patterson, C., Willis, M.S. (Eds.), Translational Cardiology: Molecular Basis of Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiac Remodeling, Translational Therapies and Imaging Techniques. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 83–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors and Bioelectronics: X.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Indonesian Birds Face Extinction Thanks To Illegal Pet Trade [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Charter Schools: Issues Affecting Access to Federal Funds (No. T-HEHS-97-216). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slayton, K.A., 2013. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Clash of the Titans. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bannerman and Sprengel, 2007; Simmons, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bannerman and Sprengel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mattingley et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors and Bioelectronics: X
ISSN (print)2590-1370

Other styles