How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bigot B. Nuclear physics: pull together for fusion. Nature. 2015;522(7555):149-151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Patel S, Cone RD. Neuroscience: a cellular basis for the munchies. Nature. 2015;519(7541):38-40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang J, Sheng L, Liu J. Synthetically chemical-electrical mechanism for controlling large scale reversible deformation of liquid metal objects. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7116.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dunn M, Terrill A, Reesink G, Foley RA, Levinson SC. Structural phylogenetics and the reconstruction of ancient language history. Science. 2005;309(5743):2072-2075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarowski CJ. An Introduction to Numerical Analysis for Electrical and Computer Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Siebold R, Dejour D, Zaffagnini S, eds. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Practical Surgical Guide. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Trojanowski K, Wierzchoń ST. A Comparison of Clonal Selection Based Algorithms for Non-Stationary Optimisation Tasks. In: Kłopotek MA, Wierzchoń ST, Trojanowski K, eds. Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining: Proceedings of the International IIS: IIPWM’06 Conference Held in Ustrón, Poland, June 19-22, 2006. Advances in Soft Computing. Springer; 2006:41-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew E. Meet The World’s Most-Traded, Least-Known Mammal. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues Concerning the National Materials Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980, Public Law 96-479. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flannery R. Clustering of Cyclic-Nucleotide-Gated Channels in Olfactory Cilia. Published online 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 20 Years On, It’s Déjà Vu for ‘Slacker’ and Austin. New York Times. July 3, 2011:A21B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationBioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)0960-894X
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Organic Chemistry
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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