How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C. Beware of backroom deals in the name of “science.” Nature. 2014;508(7496):289.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jones JDG, Dangl JL. The plant immune system. Nature. 2006;444(7117):323-329.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sogo JM, Lopes M, Foiani M. Fork reversal and ssDNA accumulation at stalled replication forks owing to checkpoint defects. Science. 2002;297(5581):599-602.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hendy EJ, Gagan MK, Alibert CA, McCulloch MT, Lough JM, Isdale PJ. Abrupt decrease in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity at end of Little Ice Age. Science. 2002;295(5559):1511-1514.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fischer DJ, Treister NS, Pinto A. Risk Assessment and Oral Diagnostics in Clinical Dentistry. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Summergrad P, Kathol RG, eds. Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Evans R, Cleghorn A. Language, Pedagogy And Politics Intersect In The Classroom. In: Cleghorn A, ed. Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012:63-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. 81 Rare Pangolins Caught Up In The Illegal Wildlife Trade. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/81-rare-pangolins-caught-illegal-widelife/. Published November 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Management of the Community Action Against Addiction Program in Cleveland, Ohio. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Aggarwal E. South Asian women’s attitudes toward help-seeking behaviors. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. MetroCard Replacement Will Be Safe, Officials Say. New York Times. October 27, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
AbbreviationBioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
ISSN (print)0960-894X
ScopeBiochemistry
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Organic Chemistry
Drug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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