How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheps JA. Biochemistry. Through a mirror, differently. Science. 2009;323(5922):1679-1680.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis KJ, Whittaker RJ. Ecology. Species diversity--scale matters. Science. 2002;295(5558):1245-1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wallis JD, Anderson KC, Miller EK. Single neurons in prefrontal cortex encode abstract rules. Nature. 2001;411(6840):953-956.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mueth DM, Debregeas GF, Karczmar GS, Eng PJ, Nagel SR, Jaeger HM. Signatures of granular microstructure in dense shear flows. Nature. 2000;406(6794):385-389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte P. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Abramowitz JS, Houts AC, eds. Concepts and Controversies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Cuenca MÁ, Reza M. CUBEN, A Novel Bioreactor for the Removal of Nutrients. In: Coca-Prados J, Gutiérrez-Cervelló G, eds. Economic Sustainability and Environmental Protection in Mediterranean Countries through Clean Manufacturing Methods. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013:63-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S. How Wall Street Destroyed America’s Solar Industry. IFLScience. Published March 29, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Accessibility for the Disabled Still an Issue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark BM. Faculty Perceptions of the Importance of Internationalizing the General Education Curriculum in the Florida College System. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savodnik P. ‘Their First Lenny Bruce Could Be Coming.’ New York Times. May 24, 2012:MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (print)0968-0896

Other styles