How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burnett DS. NASA returns rocks from a comet. Science. 2006;314(5806):1709-1710.
A journal article with 2 authors
McDonnell DP, Norris JD. Connections and regulation of the human estrogen receptor. Science. 2002;296(5573):1642-1644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden HL, McDonagh EL, King BA. Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science. 2003;300(5628):2086-2088.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hoffmann DL, Standish CD, García-Diez M, et al. Response to Comment on “U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art.” Science. 2018;362(6411).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King JA, Timacheff S. Digital Photography for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Dusek K, Joanny J-F, eds. Polymer Characterization: Rheology, Laser Interferometry, Electrooptics. Vol 230. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Miltenberger RG, Bloom SE, Sanchez S, Valbuena DA. Functional Assessment. In: Singh NN, ed. Handbook of Evidence-Based Practices in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Evidence-Based Practices in Behavioral Health. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:69-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S. How That Asteroid Killed The Dinosaurs. IFLScience. Published January 16, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Preliminary Information on FTA’s Implementation of SAFETEA-LU Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn DN. Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Roadwork on Two Parkways Draws Protest. New York Times. October 19, 2008:LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (print)0968-0896

Other styles