How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu K. Materials science. The future of metals. Science. 2010;328(5976):319-320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu J, Izpisua Belmonte JC. Stem cells: A designer’s guide to pluripotency. Nature. 2014;516(7530):172-173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, Frydman J. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature. 2008;454(7208):1088-1095.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blanford S, Chan BHK, Jenkins N, et al. Fungal pathogen reduces potential for malaria transmission. Science. 2005;308(5728):1638-1641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle JF. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Lim CP, Jain LC, Dehuri S, eds. Innovations in Swarm Intelligence. Vol 248. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Dowling J, Lambert J, Parker J, et al. Automatic MRI Atlas-Based External Beam Radiation Therapy Treatment Planning for Prostate Cancer. In: Madabhushi A, Dowling J, Yan P, Fenster A, Abolmaesumi P, Hata N, eds. Prostate Cancer Imaging. Computer-Aided Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Intervention: International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2010, Beijing,China, September 24, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:25-33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Create First Single-Molecule Diode. IFLScience. Published May 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Scope and Content of DOD’s Congressional Report and Executive Oversight of Investments Need to Improve. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins JJ. Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS. Stephen King Plans a Vampire Comic. New York Times. October 26, 2009:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (print)0968-0896

Other styles