How to format your references using the Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sridhar D. Health policy: Regulate alcohol for global health. Nature. 2012;482(7385):302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taira T, Hatoyama Y. Nuclear energy: Nationalize the Fukushima Daiichi atomic plant. Nature. 2011;480(7377):313-314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedland JC, Lee MH, Boettiger D. Mechanically activated integrin switch controls alpha5beta1 function. Science. 2009;323(5914):642-644.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chittka L, Dyer AG, Bock F, Dornhaus A. Psychophysics: bees trade off foraging speed for accuracy. Nature. 2003;424(6947):388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
English JF. The Global Future of English Studies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Mattei P. Secular Institutions, Islam and Education Policy: France and the U.S. in Comparative Perspective. (Aguilar AS, ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor P, Ni P, Liu K, Yang X, Guo S. Moving onto the World Stage. In: Ni P, Liu K, eds. Global Research of Cities: A Case of Chengdu. Springer; 2016:171-188.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale T. Dig Begins For Legendary Nazi Gold Train. IFLScience. Published August 17, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
John SP. Drying without Dying: The Resurrection Fern Pleopeltis polypodioides. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Town of Oyster Bay Seeks To Develop Waterfront Plan. New York Times. January 28, 2007:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN (print)0968-0896

Other styles