How to format your references using the Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Morange, François Jacob (1920-2013), Nature. 497 (2013) 440.
A journal article with 2 authors
E.C. Weatherhead, S.B. Andersen, The search for signs of recovery of the ozone layer, Nature. 441 (2006) 39–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.J. Ross, M.M. Weiner, H. Lin, PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma, Nature. 505 (2014) 353–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.L. Polizzotto, B.D. Kocar, S.G. Benner, M. Sampson, S. Fendorf, Near-surface wetland sediments as a source of arsenic release to ground water in Asia, Nature. 454 (2008) 505–508.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.L. Frank, D.K. Whittle, Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
K. Ramer, Nuclear Medicine Technology, 3rd ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
S.N.R. Raj, M.K. Mahapatra, On Measuring Productivity Growth in Indian Industry: Analysis of Organized and Unorganized Sector in Selected Major States, in: J.-D. Lee, A. Heshmati (Eds.), Productivity, Efficiency, and Economic Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.

Blog post
J. Davis, Japanese Zoo Culls 57 Snow Monkeys Due To Mixed Genes From “Invasive Alien Species,” IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Railroad Safety: Status of Efforts to Improve Railroad Crossing Safety, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Z. Yi, Dynamics of bio-membranes investigated by neutron spin echo: Effects of phospholipid conformations and presence of lidocaine, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Dmitri Dudko, 82, Foe of Stalin Who Recanted and Praised Him, New York Times. (2004) C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
AbbreviationBiomed. Pharmacother.
ISSN (print)0753-3322
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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