How to format your references using the Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Rehmann, Epac-inhibitors: facts and artefacts, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3032.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Okamoto, A.J. Millis, Electronic reconstruction at an interface between a Mott insulator and a band insulator, Nature. 428 (2004) 630–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.M. Head, D.M. Jones, S.R. Larter, Biological activity in the deep subsurface and the origin of heavy oil, Nature. 426 (2003) 344–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Bielza, R. Benavides-Piccione, P. López-Cruz, P. Larrañaga, J. DeFelipe, Branching angles of pyramidal cell dendrites follow common geometrical design principles in different cortical areas, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.M. Tissue, Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
V.P. Gerdt, W. Koepf, W.M. Seiler, E.V. Vorozhtsov, eds., Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing: 18th International Workshop, CASC 2016, Bucharest, Romania, September 19-23, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Trawick, Scarcity, Equity, and Transparency: General Principles for Successfully Governing the Water Commons, in: E. Wiegandt (Ed.), Mountains: Sources of Water, Sources of Knowledge, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 43–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Frances Kelsey, Doctor Who Saved The U.S. From Thalidomide, Dies At 101, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.G. Baggio, Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Rojas, B. Mueller, Conflicting Accounts Emerge on What Set Off Deadly Violence at Upstate Church, New York Times. (2015) A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
AbbreviationBiomed. Pharmacother.
ISSN (print)0753-3322
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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