How to format your references using the Biomedicine & Aging Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plotkin JB. Cell biology. The lives of proteins. Science 2011;331:683–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirose T, Horvitz HR. An Sp1 transcription factor coordinates caspase-dependent and -independent apoptotic pathways. Nature 2013;500:354–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue S, Calvin K, Li H. RNA recognition and cleavage by a splicing endonuclease. Science 2006;312:906–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Joshi B, Barman I, Dingari NC, Cardenas N, Soares JS, Dasari RR, et al. Label-free route to rapid, nanoscale characterization of cellular structure and dynamics through opaque media. Sci Rep 2013;3:2822.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baber RL. The Language of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Fultz B. Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials. Third Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Crebassol P, Ferrier P, Dedieu G, Hagolle O, Fougnie B, Tinto F, et al. VENμS (Vegetation and Environment Monitoring on a New Micro Satellite). In: Sandau R, Roeser H-P, Valenzuela A, editors. Small Satellite Missions for Earth Observation: New Developments and Trends, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 47–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mental Health Is A Global Issue – Here’s How Neuroscience Can Cross International Boundaries. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: INS Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Management Capability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henry AG. Plant foods and the dietary ecology of Neandertals and modern humans. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. Newly Selected Chief of Staff Is Widely Known for Loyalty. New York Times 1992:134.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedicine & Aging Pathology
ISSN (print)2210-5220
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles