How to format your references using the Biomedicine & Aging Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M. Treatment: When less is more. Nature 2015;528:S126-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickson D, Abbott A. Britain asks to join European Southern Observatory. Nature 2000;405:382–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green HW 2nd, Chen W-P, Brudzinski MR. Seismic evidence of negligible water carried below 400-km depth in subducting lithosphere. Nature 2010;467:828–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Farrell AE, Plevin RJ, Turner BT, Jones AD, O’Hare M, Kammen DM. Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Science 2006;311:506–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin P, Hand DJ. The Wellbeing of Nations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Mahmoudi M, editor. Allergy and Asthma: Practical Diagnosis and Management. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F. Key Technologies. In: Wang T, Zhang Y, Yu H, Wang F, editors. Advanced Manufacturing Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 31–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Plant-Eating Dinosaur Success Was In The Jaws. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GSEs: Implications of Removing State and Local Tax Exemption. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey SL. From “The Man With the Hoe” to “Tobacco Road”: Class, Poverty and Religion and the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Decline in Oil Prices Lands on Government Workers as Saudi Arabia Cuts Paychecks. New York Times 2016:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedicine & Aging Pathology
ISSN (print)2210-5220
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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