How to format your references using the Biomedicine & Aging Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling G. ASTRONOMY: Neighborhood Gamma Ray Burst Boosts Theory. Science 2000;289:29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helliker BR, Richter SL. Subtropical to boreal convergence of tree-leaf temperatures. Nature 2008;454:511–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Girart JM, Rao R, Marrone DP. Magnetic fields in the formation of sun-like stars. Science 2006;313:812–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Byerly GR, Lowe DR, Wooden JL, Xie X. An archean impact layer from the Pilbara and Kaapvaal cratons. Science 2002;297:1325–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito E, Diop C. Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Curry GL. Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Ifju PG. Composite Materials. In: Sharpe WN, editor. Springer Handbook of Experimental Solid Mechanics, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008, p. 97–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomedicine & Aging Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. This Robot Will Let Kids In Hospital Explore Zoos Through Virtual Reality. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Energy Research and Development Administration’s Requirements for Safety Analysis Reports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall JA. Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. George Takei’s Life, as a Graphic Novel. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomedicine & Aging Pathology
ISSN (print)2210-5220
Geriatrics and Gerontology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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