How to format your references using the Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. van de Walle A. Melting Mechanisms. Simulations provide a rare look at real melting. Science. 2014;346:704–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Purnell BA, Hines PJ. Steps to the clinic. Stem cells. Introduction. Science. 2009;324:1661.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Solomon BR, Hyder MN, Varanasi KK. Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5504.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sancho D, Joffre OP, Keller AM, Rogers NC, Martínez D, Hernanz-Falcón P, et al. Identification of a dendritic cell receptor that couples sensing of necrosis to immunity. Nature. 2009;458:899–903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Steland A. Financial Statistics and Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Haslam IR, Khine MS, editors. Leveraging Social Capital in Systemic Education Reform. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang JM, Zhang GP. β-glucans and Arabinoxylans. In: Zhang G, Li C, editors. Genetics and Improvement of Barley Malt Quality. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 113–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Watch This Parasitic Fungus Erupt From An Ant’s Head. IFLScience. 2014. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hayes MG. A qualitative case study of cultural competency among Advanced Placement teachers in Florida. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Shhh, the Walls Have (Big) Ears. New York Times. 2017;:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders
ISSN (print)2045-5380

Other styles