How to format your references using the Biological Agriculture & Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Agriculture & Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saibil HR. 2013. Biochemistry. Machinery to reverse irreversible aggregates. Science. 339(6123):1040–1041.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haq BU, Schutter SR. 2008. A chronology of Paleozoic sea-level changes. Science. 322(5898):64–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turalska M, West BJ, Grigolini P. 2013. Role of committed minorities in times of crisis. Sci Rep. 3:1371.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Lin J-M, Kilman VL, Keegan K, Paddock B, Emery-Le M, Rosbash M, Allada R. 2002. A role for casein kinase 2alpha in the Drosophila circadian clock. Nature. 420(6917):816–820.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Institute of Timber Constr. 2012. Timber Construction Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Greiner A. 2015. Public Debt, Sustainability and Economic Growth: Theory and Empirics. Fincke B, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Parsi MA. 2016. Cholangioscopy and Pancreatoscopy: Their Role in Benign and Malignant Disease. In: Adler DG, editor. Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Agriculture & Horticulture.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Camera Traps Reveal What’s Happening As Wildlife Reclaims Chernobyl. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef NJ. 2009. A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. 2016. At 8 Feet Tall, He Sat Down and Started Getting Noticed. New York Times.:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saibil 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Haq and Schutter 2008; Saibil 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haq and Schutter 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Agriculture & Horticulture
AbbreviationBiol. Agric. Hortic.
ISSN (print)0144-8765
ISSN (online)2165-0616
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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