How to format your references using the Biological Agriculture & Horticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Agriculture & Horticulture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith C. 2013. Cancer shows strength through diversity. Nature. 499:505–508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mannhart J, Schlom DG. 2010. Oxide interfaces--an opportunity for electronics. Science. 327:1607–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nadler JW, Angelaki DE, DeAngelis GC. 2008. A neural representation of depth from motion parallax in macaque visual cortex. Nature. 452:642–645.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Kleiven HKF, Kissel C, Laj C, Ninnemann US, Richter TO, Cortijo E. 2008. Reduced North Atlantic deep water coeval with the glacial Lake Agassiz freshwater outburst. Science. 319:60–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith GS. 2013. Straight to the Top. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manzini R, editor. 2012. Warehousing in the Global Supply Chain: Advanced Models, Tools and Applications for Storage Systems. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vazquez R, Krstic M. 2008. 2D Navier–Stokes Channel Flow: Boundary Estimation. In: Krstic M, editor. Control of Turbulent and Magnetohydrodynamic Channel Flows: Boundary Stabilization and State Estimation. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; p. 103–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Agriculture & Horticulture.

Blog post
Evans K. 2017. New York Gives Go Ahead To Build Largest Offshore Wind Farm In The US. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Space Transportation: The Content and Uses of Shuttle Cost Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar L. 2009. Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2002. A Drive to Save a Tiger By the Name of Tammany. New York Times.:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mannhart & Schlom 2010; Smith 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mannhart & Schlom 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kleiven et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Agriculture & Horticulture
AbbreviationBiol. Agric. Hortic.
ISSN (print)0144-8765
ISSN (online)2165-0616
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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