How to format your references using the Bioinspiration & Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angerer P 2004 Graduate journal: at the crossroads Nature 427 270
A journal article with 2 authors
Katsir Y and Marmur A 2014 Rate of bubble coalescence following quasi-static approach: screening and neutralization of the electric double layer Sci. Rep. 4 4266
A journal article with 3 authors
Assefa S, Xia F and Vlasov Y A 2010 Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects Nature 464 80–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Ichinose G, Saito M, Sayama H and Wilson D S 2013 Adaptive long-range migration promotes cooperation under tempting conditions Sci. Rep. 3 2509

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox I, Gaudard M A and Stephens M L 2016 Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Karcioglu Z A 2015 Orbital Tumors: Diagnosis and Treatment (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Emblem K E and Bjornerud A 2011 Glioma Grading Using Cerebral Blood Volume Heterogeneity Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1) ed M A Hayat (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 31–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 Solution To Voyager 1 Magnetic Field Mystery Suggests It Is Not Quite In Interstellar Space IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Public Transit: Federal and Transit Agencies Taking Steps to Build Transit Systems’ Resilience but Face Challenges (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung Y-K 2010 A comparison of particle swarm optimization algorithms in data clustering Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B 2017 The Pianist Behind Dylan’s Nobel Lecture New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioinspiration & Biomimetics
AbbreviationBioinspir. Biomim.
ISSN (print)1748-3182
ISSN (online)1748-3190
Molecular Medicine
Engineering (miscellaneous)

Other styles