How to format your references using the Bioinspiration & Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Odling-Smee L 2007 Biofuels bandwagon hits a rut Nature 446 483
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiatpongsan S and Sipp D 2009 Medicine. Monitoring and regulating offshore stem cell clinics Science 323 1564–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala A D S, Spitzer M W and Takahashi T T 2003 Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map Nature 424 771–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Panchal V, Pearce R, Yakimova R, Tzalenchuk A and Kazakova O 2013 Standardization of surface potential measurements of graphene domains Sci. Rep. 3 2597

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn G 2005 HPLC Methods for Recently Approved Pharmaceuticals (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Zhao M and Sha J 2012 Communications and Information Processing: International Conference, ICCIP 2012 Aveiro, Portugal, March 7-11, 2012 Revised Selected Papers, Part I vol 288 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Sovacool B K and Linnér B-O 2016 The Perils of Climate Diplomacy: The Political Economy of the UNFCCC The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation CID Graduate Student and Postdoctoral Fellow Working Paper No. 5 ed B-O Linnér (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 110–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics.

Blog post
Andrews R 2017 Mount St Helens Is Rumbling Again, So Should We Be Worried? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan S 2008 Aberrations of anamorphic optical systems Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soloski A 2017 In Two Israeli Plays, Peace Is Forever Receding New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioinspiration & Biomimetics
AbbreviationBioinspir. Biomim.
ISSN (print)1748-3182
ISSN (online)1748-3190
Molecular Medicine
Engineering (miscellaneous)

Other styles