How to format your references using the Bioinspiration & Biomimetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickey B F 2012 Biochemistry. Walking on solid ground Science 337 924–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Milo R and Last R L 2012 Achieving diversity in the face of constraints: lessons from metabolism Science 336 1663–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Miles M A, Yeo M and Mauricio I L 2009 Genetics. Leishmania exploit sex Science 324 187–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Naveilhan P, Hassani H, Lucas G, Blakeman K H, Hao J X, Xu X J, Wiesenfeld-Hallin Z, Thorén P and Ernfors P 2001 Reduced antinociception and plasma extravasation in mice lacking a neuropeptide Y receptor Nature 409 513–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S 2005 Advanced Wireless Communications (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Zhuang F G and Li J C 2009 New Trends in Fluid Mechanics Research: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fluid Mechanics (Shanghai, 2007) (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Theron L C 2013 Teacher Pathways to Resilience: Interpretations of Teacher Adjustment to HIV/AIDS-Related Challenges Well-Being Research in South Africa Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology ed M P Wissing (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 73–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioinspiration & Biomimetics.

Blog post
Andrews R 2015 Evolutionary Arms Race Between Cats And Viruses Goes Back 60,000 Years IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1998 Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gravano A 2009 Turn-taking and affirmative cue words in task-oriented dialogue Doctoral dissertation (New York, NY: Columbia University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G 2015 Living at Random New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBioinspiration & Biomimetics
AbbreviationBioinspir. Biomim.
ISSN (print)1748-3182
ISSN (online)1748-3190
Molecular Medicine
Engineering (miscellaneous)

Other styles