How to format your references using the Bioelectromagnetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioelectromagnetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muchhala N. 2006. Nectar bat stows huge tongue in its rib cage. Nature 444:701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berman DE, Dudai Y. 2001. Memory extinction, learning anew, and learning the new: dissociations in the molecular machinery of learning in cortex. Science 291:2417–2419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messer H, Zinevich A, Alpert P. 2006. Environmental monitoring by wireless communication networks. Science 312:713.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ginhoux F, Greter M, Leboeuf M, Nandi S, See P, Gokhan S, Mehler MF, Conway SJ, Ng LG, Stanley ER, Samokhvalov IM, Merad M. 2010. Fate mapping analysis reveals that adult microglia derive from primitive macrophages. Science 330:841–845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nellist JG. 2005. Understanding Telecommunications and Lightwave Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Geem ZW ed. 2009. Music-Inspired Harmony Search Algorithm: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. Vol. 191. Studies in Computational Intelligence.
A chapter in an edited book
Freudenburg WR, Gramling R, Laska S, Erikson KT. 2012. The Growth Machine Comes to New Orleans. In: Gramling, R, Laska, S, Erikson, KT, editors. Catastrophe in the Making: The Engineering of Katrina and the Disasters of Tomorrow. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioelectromagnetics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Evolving Galaxy Spotted In The Early Universe For The First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/evolving-galaxy-spotted-early-universe-first-time/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Financial Literacy: The Federal Government’s Role in Empowering Americans to Make Sound Financial Choices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson WC. 2008. Spreading the dao, managing mastership, and performing salvation: The life and alchemical teachings of Chen Zhixu. Doctoral dissertation; Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. 1999. Crosstown Rivalry: Mothers Inc. New York Times, May 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleBioelectromagnetics
AbbreviationBioelectromagnetics
ISSN (print)0197-8462
ISSN (online)1521-186X
ScopeBiophysics
Physiology
General Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles