How to format your references using the Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Duncan MJ. Planetary science: Preventing stars from eating their young. Nature 2015;520:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chen WP, Brudzinski MR. Evidence for a large-scale remnant of subducted lithosphere beneath Fiji. Science 2001;292:2475–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jordan SP, Lee KSM, Preskill J. Quantum algorithms for quantum field theories. Science 2012;336:1130–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Subramaniam S, Sixt KM, Barrow R, Snyder SH. Rhes, a striatal specific protein, mediates mutant-huntingtin cytotoxicity. Science 2009;324:1327–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stamp M. Information Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Principe LM, editor. New Narratives in Eighteenth-Century Chemistry: Contributions from the First Francis Bacon Workshop, 21–23 April 2005, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. vol. 18. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Okecha AA, Newton-Fisher NE. The Diet of Olive Baboons (Papio anubis) in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. In: Newton-Fisher NE, Notman H, Paterson JD, Reynolds V, editors. Primates of Western Uganda, New York, NY: Springer; 2006, p. 61–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Has The Mystery Of Comet 67P’s Oxygen Just Been Explained? IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/has-the-mystery-of-comet-67ps-oxygen-just-been-explained/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Have Automobile Weight Reductions Increased Highway Fatalities? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mehmeti A. Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Pauley Is Back — Again. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBest Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
AbbreviationBest Pract. Res. Clin. Obstet. Gynaecol.
ISSN (print)1521-6934
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles