How to format your references using the Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten DM. Planetary science. Clues to the Martian atmosphere. Science 2001;294:1843–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Könneker C, Lugger B. History of science. Public Science 2.0--back to the future. Science 2013;342:49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meeusen S, McCaffery JM, Nunnari J. Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science 2004;305:1747–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
El-Halawany AM, El Dine RS, El Sayed NS, Hattori M. Protective effect of Aframomum melegueta phenolics against CCl₄-induced rat hepatocytes damage; role of apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokines inhibition. Sci Rep 2014;4:5880.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bittner M. Temporality: Universals and Variation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Ferreira MAR. Multiscale Modeling: A Bayesian Perspective. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Barros dos Santos P, da Mota Soares-Cavalcanti N, Vieira-de-Melo GS, Benko-Iseppon AM. Osmoprotectants in the Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) Transcriptome Revealed by in Silico Evaluation. In: Rizzo R, Lisboa PJG, editors. Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics: 7th International Meeting, CIBB 2010, Palermo, Italy, September 16-18, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 44–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Suggest Using Pet Dogs to Test Anti-Cancer Drugs. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Funds Misused by the School System in Trimble County, Kentucky. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miles CS. Elicitation of a Program’s Behaviors. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Cooper M. Faltering City Testing Its Vow To Pensioners. New York Times 2011:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBest Practice & Research Clinical Haematology
AbbreviationBest Pract. Res. Clin. Haematol.
ISSN (print)1521-6926
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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