How to format your references using the Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roy K. Evolution. Dynamics of body size evolution. Science 2008;321:1451–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kovács AM, Mehler J. Flexible learning of multiple speech structures in bilingual infants. Science 2009;325:611–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai S, Xu Q, Qin Y. Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike. Sci Rep 2013;3:1851.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dickens AF, Gélinas Y, Masiello CA, Wakeham S, Hedges JI. Reburial of fossil organic carbon in marine sediments. Nature 2004;427:336–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young GC. Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Gueye CT, Molina MS, editors. Non-Associative and Non-Commutative Algebra and Operator Theory: NANCAOT, Dakar, Senegal, May 23–25, 2014: Workshop in Honor of Professor Amin Kaidi. vol. 160. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Salvadori PA. I radiofarmaci e la farmacopea. In: Lucignani G, editor. Sperimentazione e registrazione dei radiofarmaci: Normative e procedure, Milano: Springer; 2013, p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Landmark Trial Finds Injection Every Other Month Treats HIV Patients. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: UMTA Needs to Increase Safety Focus at Local Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman LJ. Bridging the attachment transmission gap with maternal mind-mindedness and infant temperament. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drucker J, Lipton E, Haberman M. Trump’s Family Still Benefiting From Businesses. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBest Practice & Research Clinical Haematology
AbbreviationBest Pract. Res. Clin. Haematol.
ISSN (print)1521-6926
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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