How to format your references using the Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih D. Indigenous peoples must benefit from science. Nature 2015;526:477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lucić V, Baumeister W. Neuroscience. Monte Carlo places strong odds on ectopic release. Science 2005;309:387–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arnqvist G, Jones TM, Elgar MA. Insect behaviour: reversal of sex roles in nuptial feeding. Nature 2003;424:387.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Furnes H, de Wit M, Staudigel H, Rosing M, Muehlenbachs K. A vestige of Earth’s oldest ophiolite. Science 2007;315:1704–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boeker E, Van Grondelle R. Environmental Physics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Wong KW, Mendis BSU, Bouzerdoum A, editors. Neural Information Processing. Theory and Algorithms: 17th International Conference, ICONIP 2010, Sydney, Australia, November 22-25, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. vol. 6443. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Behnke S, Müller J, Schreiber M. Playing Soccer with RoboSapien. In: Bredenfeld A, Jacoff A, Noda I, Takahashi Y, editors. RoboCup 2005: Robot Soccer World Cup IX, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 36–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrews R. Boaty McBoatface Is Ready For Its First Big Antarctic Adventure. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Funding of the Office of Management and Budget’s Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crossman DC. The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess B, Stevenson A. New Scrutiny for JPMorgan in China Hiring. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBest Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationBaillieres Best Pract. Res Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1521-690X
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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