How to format your references using the Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Brody H. Graphene. Nature 2012;483:S29.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schulze A, Harris AL. How cancer metabolism is tuned for proliferation and vulnerable to disruption. Nature 2012;491:364–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Belmonte A, Di Clemente R, Buldyrev SV. The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus. Sci Rep 2014;4:5301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhao W, Jin L, Yuan H, Tan Z, Zhou C, Li LS, et al. Targeting human embryonic stem cells with quantum dot-conjugated phages. Sci Rep 2013;3:3134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. Funding Atlas 2012. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Bhatt DL, editor. Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Eden P. The Practices of Apartheid as a War Crime: A Critical Analysis. In: Gill TD, Geiß R, Heinsch R, McCormack T, Paulussen C, Dorsey J, editors. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press; 2015, p. 89–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Tigers Seized By Officials From Controversial Tiger Temple In Thailand. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tigers-seized-officials-tiger-temple-thailand/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Analysis of Cost Estimates for the Space Shuttle and Two Alternate Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kim YI. Essays on Volatility Risk, Asset Returns and Consumption-Based Asset Pricing. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Russia: Oil Company Raises Estimate. New York Times 2007:C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBest Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationBaillieres Best Pract. Res Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1521-690X
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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