How to format your references using the Australian Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Dental Journal (ADJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fadri-Moskwik M. Love knows no boundaries. Science 2015;348:254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baldwin AJ, Kay LE. Structural biology: Dynamic binding. Nature 2012;488:165–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ross RJ, Weiner MM, Lin H. PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs in the soma. Nature 2014;505:353–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yuan HQ, Singleton J, Balakirev FF, Baily SA, Chen GF, Luo JL, et al. Nearly isotropic superconductivity in (Ba,K)Fe(2)As(2). Nature 2009;457:565–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch HL. Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Kroll N, Hirsch C, Bassi F, Johnston C, Hillewaert K, eds. IDIHOM: Industrialization of High-Order Methods - A Top-Down Approach: Results of a Collaborative Research Project Funded by the European Union, 2010 - 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. (Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design; vol. 128).
A chapter in an edited book
Lind G. Moral Competence and Democratic Ways of Life. In: Weber WG, Thoma M, Ostendorf A, Chisholm L, eds. Democratic Competences and Social Practices in Organizations. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften; 2012:62–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Dental Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover New Type Of Ant-Decapitation Behavior In Tiny Flies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Agencies’ Policies and Practices Are in Accordance With Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Aug. Report No.: RCED-85-94.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muniyappa VK. Performance analysis of IPv4 versus IPv6 in a simple campus network [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL. Heroin Market Shapes Enforcer’s Rise and Fall. New York Times. 2016;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Dental Journal
ISSN (print)0045-0421
ISSN (online)1834-7819

Other styles