How to format your references using the Attachment & Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Attachment & Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minelli, A. (2004). Developmental biology. Bits and pieces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5702), 1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarthy, P. M., & Smith, W. A. (2002). Mechanical circulatory support--a long and winding road. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 998–999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gauld, S. B., Dal Porto, J. M., & Cambier, J. C. (2002). B cell antigen receptor signaling: roles in cell development and disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1641–1642.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Freiman, R. N., Albright, S. R., Zheng, S., Sha, W. C., Hammer, R. E., & Tjian, R. (2001). Requirement of tissue-selective TBP-associated factor TAFII105 in ovarian development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2084–2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina, J. E. (2016). Planning a Successful Future. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cognetta, A. B., Jr., & Mendenhall, W. M. (Eds.). (2013). Radiation Therapy for Skin Cancer. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Erickson, A. S. (2016). China’s Naval Modernization, Strategies, and Capabilities. In J. I. Bekkevold & G. Till (Eds.), International Order at Sea: How it is challenged. How it is maintained (pp. 63–92). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Attachment & Human Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 4). Why Rosetta Is The Greatest Space Mission Of Our Lifetime. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program (No. GAO-15-335). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauper, A. R. (2009). Effects of leadership training and networking opportunities on professional advancement: A quantitative study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 24). Eight Arms To Embrace Your Pair. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Minelli, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (McCarthy & Smith, 2002; Minelli, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarthy & Smith, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Gauld, Dal Porto, & Cambier, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Freiman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAttachment & Human Development
AbbreviationAttach. Hum. Dev.
ISSN (print)1461-6734
ISSN (online)1469-2988
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles