How to format your references using the Attachment & Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Attachment & Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gophna, U. (2011). Microbiology. The guts of dietary habits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6052), 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jia, T., & Pamer, E. G. (2009). Immunology. Dispensable but not irrelevant. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 549–550.
A journal article with 3 authors
Discher, D. E., Janmey, P., & Wang, Y.-L. (2005). Tissue cells feel and respond to the stiffness of their substrate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1139–1143.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Enquist, B. J., Allen, A. P., Brown, J. H., Gillooly, J. F., Kerkhoff, A. J., Niklas, K. J., Price, C. A., & West, G. B. (2007). Biological scaling: does the exception prove the rule? Nature, 445(7127), E9-10; discussion E10-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bakshi, A. B., & Prasanna, V. K. (2007). Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weickert, J., & Hagen, H. (Eds.). (2006). Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baust, J. M., Corwin, W. L., VanBuskirk, R., & Baust, J. G. (2015). Biobanking: The Future of Cell Preservation Strategies. In F. Karimi-Busheri (Ed.), Biobanking in the 21st Century (pp. 37–53). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Attachment & Human Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 15). Ancient Toolmaking May Have Driven the Evolution of Human Language. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide NASA’s Financial Management Modernization (GAO-04-43). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Soheili, A. (2008). A transannular Cope approach toward the core structure of isocyclocitrinol [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, September 9). The Best of Brazil. New York Times, NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gophna, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gophna, 2011; Jia & Pamer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jia & Pamer, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Discher et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Enquist et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAttachment & Human Development
AbbreviationAttach. Hum. Dev.
ISSN (print)1461-6734
ISSN (online)1469-2988
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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