How to format your references using the Attachment & Human Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Attachment & Human Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitin, C. (2000). Russian PM supports science. Nature, 405(6785), 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brosi, B. J., & Biber, E. G. N. (2012). Conservation. Citizen involvement in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 802–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scatena, L. F., Brown, M. G., & Richmond, G. L. (2001). Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5518), 908–912.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pascal, J. M., O’Brien, P. J., Tomkinson, A. E., & Ellenberger, T. (2004). Human DNA ligase I completely encircles and partially unwinds nicked DNA. Nature, 432(7016), 473–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jevon, P. (2012). Paediatric Advanced Life Support. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bremer, E. G., Hakenberg, J., Han, E.-H. (sam), Berrar, D., & Dubitzky, W. (Eds.). (2006). Knowledge Discovery in Life Science Literature: PAKDD 2006 International Workshop, KDLL 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3886). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghorani-Azam, A., & Balali-Mood, M. (2015). Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology of Mustard Compounds. In M. Balali-Mood & M. Abdollahi (Eds.), Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds (pp. 63–99). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Attachment & Human Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 30). Planet Spotted Forming In Binary System. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Transportation Security Administration’s Suspension of the Butane Lighter Ban Onboard Commercial Aircraft (GAO-09-177R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan, M. (2012). Educational practices to support homeless students [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lavin, L. (2017, September 26). I Sang in New York. New York Times, AR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brosi & Biber, 2012; Levitin, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brosi & Biber, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Scatena et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pascal et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAttachment & Human Development
AbbreviationAttach. Hum. Dev.
ISSN (print)1461-6734
ISSN (online)1469-2988
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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