How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Subbaraman, N., 2014. Public health: A burning issue. Nature 513, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne, R.S., Rosindell, J., 2012. Comment on “Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality.” Science 336, 1639; author reply 1639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harding, E.J., Paul, E.S., Mendl, M., 2004. Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state. Nature 427, 312.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, Z., Gong, M., Zhang, Y., Zou, X., Zhang, C., Guo, G., 2014. FFLO superfluids in 2D spin-orbit coupled Fermi gases. Sci. Rep. 4, 6535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lindahl, D., 2008. Multi-Family Millions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Choi, T.-M., Cheng, T.C.E. (Eds.), 2015. Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing to Retailing, Springer Series in Supply Chain Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kłos, M., Waszczyszyn, Z., 2010. Prediction of Compaction Characteristics of Granular Soils by Neural Networks, in: Diamantaras, K., Duch, W., Iliadis, L.S. (Eds.), Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2010: 20th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 15-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Mars Seems More And More Habitable The Closer We Look [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness (No. GAO-15-657). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, M., 2010. Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. A Different Kind of Dystopian Novel. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Subbaraman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne and Rosindell, 2012; Subbaraman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne and Rosindell, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles