How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arntzen, C.J., 2008. Plant science. Using tobacco to treat cancer. Science 321, 1052–1053.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2005. The problems of radiocarbon dating. Science 308, 1551–3; author reply 1551-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guilbaud, R., Butler, I.B., Ellam, R.M., 2011. Abiotic pyrite formation produces a large Fe isotope fractionation. Science 332, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, W., Li, W., Jiang, P., Wang, H., Bai, E., 2014. Distinct temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition in forest organic layer and mineral soil. Sci. Rep. 4, 6512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bullock, J., 2017. Wireshark® for Security Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Hagen, H., Guhathakurta, S., Steinebach, G. (Eds.), 2009. Visualizing Sustainable Planning, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Boedicker, J.Q., Brenner, K., Weibel, D.B., 2015. Spatial Structure of Microbes in Nature and the Biophysics of Cell–Cell Communication, in: Hagen, S.J. (Ed.), The Physical Basis of Bacterial Quorum Communication, Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Find Evidence For 430,000-year-old Murder [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Missile Development: Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) Certification Issues (No. NSIAD-86-124BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, B.A., 2012. “Parable-art” beyond the Auden generation: An examination of the message-bearing aspects and architecture of two twenty-first-century works for chorus and chamber orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L., 2013. Taking Their Very Sweet Time. New York Times ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Arntzen, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Arntzen, 2008; Blaauw and Christen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blaauw and Christen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles