How to format your references using the Atmospheric Environment: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Atmospheric Environment: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek, L., 2013. Can Google Trends search queries contribute to risk diversification? Sci. Rep. 3, 2713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klyachko, V.A., Jackson, M.B., 2002. Capacitance steps and fusion pores of small and large-dense-core vesicles in nerve terminals. Nature 418, 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Marco García, N.V., Karayannis, T., Fishell, G., 2011. Neuronal activity is required for the development of specific cortical interneuron subtypes. Nature 472, 351–355.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tou, W.I., Chang, S.-S., Lee, C.-C., Chen, C.Y.-C., 2013. Drug design for neuropathic pain regulation from traditional Chinese medicine. Sci. Rep. 3, 844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N.P., 2014. Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Feldman, E.L., 2005. Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Derkach, V., Hassi, S., de Snoo, H., 2007. Asymptotic Expansions of Generalized Nevanlinna Functions and their Spectral Properties, in: Förster, K.-H., Jonas, P., Langer, H., Trunk, C. (Eds.), Operator Theory in Inner Product Spaces. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 51–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Atmospheric Environment: X.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. New Study: Salmonella Thrives In Salad Bags [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Strategies to Improve Communication Between Program and Financial Managers (No. 156238). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, H.M., 2017. DiaBeaThis Healthcare Clinic Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. State Senators Confirm First Openly Gay Judge For New York’s Top Court. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristoufek, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Klyachko and Jackson, 2002; Kristoufek, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klyachko and Jackson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAtmospheric Environment: X
ISSN (print)2590-1621

Other styles